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Portrait of Charlotte Duchesne

Artist:
Philippe de Champaigne (French, Brussels 1602–1674 Paris)
Date:
ca. 1628
Medium:
Black chalk, heightened with white, with touches of red chalk
Dimensions:
8 11/16 x 7 11/16 in. (22 x 19.6 cm.)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Purchase, Lila Acheson Wallace Gift; Gifts in memory of Jacob Bean, Lawrence Turcic, and Howard J. Barnet; and The Schiff Foundation, David L. Klein Jr. Memorial Foundation Inc. and Harry Liebovitz Gifts, 1994
Accession Number:
1994.7
Not on view
Although the inscription likely postdates the artist's lifetime, there is no reason to doubt that this sheet is a portrait drawn from life of Philippe de Champaigne's wife, Charlotte Duchesne, daughter of the painter Nicolas Duchesne, who had hired the young Flemish-born artist to assist in the decoration of the Luxembourg Palace for Marie de' Medici shortly after his arrival in Paris. It is a study for a bust-length oil painting in the Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, which, before the Metropolitan's drawing came to light in 1992, had been thought to represent Henriette of France, wife of Charles I of England.
With a disarming directness, the artist focused on transcribing his young wife's features and expression, with only the most minimal and schematic indications of costume and jewelry. To create this effect of naturalism, the face was subtly modeled in black chalk with touches of white and red. The delicate handling calls attention to the slight knitting of the sitter's brow and the rounded cheek revealing just the faintest hint of a smile.
Inscription: Pen and ink, upper right: "La Femme de M. Champagne/peintre excellent en portraits/ au naturel"

Marking: Lower right: collection mark of N. Dhikeos (Lyons)(not in Lugt)
Jean-Pierre-Marie de Ruolz (1670–1726); Charles-Joseph de Ruolz (died 1756); Nicos Dhikéos (Cyprus 1896–1993 Lyon, France)Lyons, sold Christie's Monaco, June 20, 1992, Lot 217 (bought by Compagnie des Beaux-Arts); Vendor: Compagnie des Beaux-Arts Ltd.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Seventeenth Century French Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum," February 2, 1996–April 25, 1996.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Philippe de Montebello Years: Curators Celebrate Three Decades of Acquisitions," October 24, 2008–February 1, 2009.

Musée de Port-Royal des Champs. "Dessins de Philippe de Champaigne," March 24, 2009–June 29, 2009.

R. Beresford "Book Review" in Burlington Magazine. vol. 135, October 1993, p. 702.

George R. Goldner "Curatorial Reports and Departmental Accessions: Drawings" in Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum, July 1, 1993 - June 30, 1994. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1994, p. 27.

William M. Griswold, Helen Bobritzky Mules, Suzanne Boorsch, Nadine Orenstein "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1993-1994: Renaissance and Baroque Europe - Europe 1700-1900." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 52, no. 2, Autumn 1994, p. 28, ill.

Pierre-Nicolas Sainte-Fare-Garnot Philippe de Champaigne (1602-1674), Jean-Baptiste de Champaigne (1631-1681), Nicolas de Plattemontagne (1631-1706) / Nicolas Sainte Fare Garnot / Philippe de Champaigne et son atelier.. Galerie de Bayser, Paris, Cahiers du Dessin Français, no. 11, Paris, 2000, cat. no. 2, pp. 10, 39, ill.

Pierre-Nicolas Sainte-Fare-Garnot, Alain Tapié Philippe de Champaigne: Entre politique et dévotion. Exh. cat., Palais des beaux-arts, Lille, Apr. 27-Aug. 15, 2007, and at the Musée Rath, Geneva, Sept. 20, 2007-Jan. 13, 2008. Paris, 2007, cat. no. under no. 1, fig. no. 1, p. 80, ill.

Frédérique Lanoe, Pierre Rosenberg Trois maitres du dessin: Philippe de Champaigne (1602-1674), Jean-Baptiste de Champaigne (1631-1681), Nicolas de Plattemontagne (1631-1706). Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Paris, 2009, cat. no. 8*, pp. 32-33, ill.

Christian Adrien Dessins de la collection Christian et Isabelle Adrien. Exh. cat., published in conjunction with exhibition at the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rennes, Mar. 21-Aug. 26. 2012, 21-22.

Le Dessin français au XVIIe siècle. Somogy. Paris, 2103, fig. no. 841, 353, ill.



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