Jean Fouquet (French, Tours ca. 1425–ca. 1478 Tours)
Metalpoint, black chalk on white prepared paper
7 13/16 x 5 5/16 in. (19.8 x 13.5 cm.)
Purchase, Rogers Fund and Gift of Mrs. Benjamin Knower, Bequest of Ogden Mills, and Bequest of Collis P. Huntington, by exchange, 1949
Not on view
Although the inscription describes the sitter as "A Roman legate of our Holy Father in France," there has been no satisfactory identification of this man. The drawing, an outstanding and rare survival of a fifteenth-century French work on paper, is by the painter and illuminator Jean Fouquet. Fouquet was patronized by the highest classes, as his home city of Tours was the preferred residence of the French royal court. In this sheet, the figure is placed to the left in three-quarter view, giving the legate a distance appropriate to his rank. This distance is balanced by the descriptive, sculptural treatment of the face and the psychological characterization therein. Fouquet was one of the first Northern artists to recognize and incorporate the artistic innovations of fifteenth-century Italy into the prevailing Franco-Flemish style, as manifested in the combination of monumentality and descriptive detail seen here. Fouquet's sheet is also an early survival of the portrait drawing genre, which gained great importance and popularity in France in the sixteenth century. In modern times, this drawing has always been considered a masterpiece. When it was sold at auction in 1936, it fetched the highest price paid for a drawing to that date.
Inscription: Inscribed in metalpoint, at upper right: "Ung Roumain/ legat de n [?]/ . . . St pere/ en France"; in pen and brown ink on verso, "37/ BAC no.31"; in graphite: "P.HL./ Prosper Henry Lankrinck/ Page to King Charles I./ Collector."
Prosper Henry Lankrink (Flemish, Antwerp 1628–1692 London); John Postle Heseltine; Henry Oppenheimer (British (born America), Washington, D.C. 1859–1932 London); his sale, Christie's, London, July 10, 13–14, 1936, lot 428 (£10,710 to Duveen); Vendor: Lord Duveen (1936–1949)
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Artist: Bartholomeus Spranger (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1546–1611 Prague)Date: ca. 1580–1585Medium: Pen and brown ink, brush and brown and gray wash, white heightening, over traces of black chalk, on paper washed blue and pinkAccession: 1997.93On view in:Not on view
Artist: Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio or Santi) (Italian, Urbino 1483–1520 Rome)Date: 1508–10Medium: Pen and brown ink over black chalk, partially incised with a stylus (recto); rubbed with black chalk for transfer (verso)Accession: 1997.153On view in:Not on view
Artist: Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, Caprese 1475–1564 Rome)Date: ca. 1510–11Medium: Red chalk, with small accents of white chalk on the left shoulder of the figure in the main study (recto); soft black chalk, or less probably charcoal (verso)Accession: 24.197.2On view in:Not on view