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The Crucifixion of Christ

Artist:
Hans Speckaert (Netherlandish, Brussels ca. 1540–1577 Rome)
Date:
before 1577
Medium:
Pen and brown and ink, brush and brown ink, heightened with white gouache; on blue paper
Dimensions:
16-1/4 x 10-3/8 in. (41.3 x 26.4 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Purchase, Rogers and Harris Brisbane Dick Funds, Gifts of Ernest Shapiro and family, Mrs. Henry J. Bernheim, and Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney, and Jacob H. Schiff Bequest, by exchange, and funds from various donors, 1999
Accession Number:
1999.85
Not on view
Hans Speckaert was one of several Northern Mannerist painters working in Rome in the sixteenth century. His close study of the art of Michelangelo, Raphael, and other Italian Renaissance masters informs the muscular, monumental figures in this Crucifixion. Two other drawings of this subject made by Speckaert, perhaps in preparation for a painting, are more sedate. Speckaert's art strongly influenced his Northern contemporaries, as can be seen, in particular, in the drawings of Bartholomeus Spranger, Hans von Aachen, and Karel van Mander.
Inscription: Verso of the secondary support: at upper right, inscribed "n. [?] 262" in pen and brown ink (sixteenth- or seventeenth-century handwriting); at center left, an illegible inscription (crossed out in pen and brown ink), in pen and brown ink (sixteenth- or seventeenth-century handwriting); at lower center, inscribed (crossed out in pen and brown ink) "[...] giuliano di mano[...]a" in pen and brown ink (sixteenth- or seventeenth-century handwriting); below, inscribed (crossed out in pen and browjn ink) "71 - 15" in pen and brown ink (sixteenth- or seventeenth-century handwriting); below, inscribed "7 - 15" in pen and brown ink (sixteenth- or seventeenth-century handwriting).

Marking: At lower left, the collector's mark of Thomas Lawrence (Lugt 2445); at lower right, the collector's mark of Benjamin West (Lugt 419).
Benjamin West (American, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 1738–1820 London); Sir Thomas Lawrence (British, Bristol 1769–1830 London); Charles Frederick Ramus (American, Denver, Colorado 1902–1979 Englewood, Colorado); his sale, Butterfield and Butterfield (San Francisco), November 12, 1998, lot 6523; Vendor: Katrin Bellinger Kunsthandel, Munich
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," May 3, 1999–July 25, 1999.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Dürer and Beyond: Early Central European Drawings in New York Collections," April 3, 2012–September 3, 2012.

Butterfield and Butterfield European Paintings [November 12, 1998]. 1998, cat. no. 6523, ill.

Stijn Alsteens, Freyda Spira Dürer and Beyond: Central European Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1400-1700 Exh. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2012, p. 143, under note 8 (entry written by Stijn Alsteens).



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