Attributed to Annibale Carracci (Italian, Bologna 1560–1609 Rome)
or, less likely, Ludovico Carracci (Italian, Bologna 1555–1619 Bologna)
Charcoal, highlighted with white chalk, on blue paper faded light- brown
sheet: 16 15/16 x 14 1/16 in. (43 x 35.7 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1950
Not on view
Reminiscent of an ancient Roman sculpture, this arresting depiction of a monumental female head has been attributed on sound grounds to Annibale Carracci, by whom other similar drawings are known. Although no such figure is found in any of Annibale's paintings, the classicizing, idealized facial type recalls his frescoes in the Palazzo Farnese in Rome. (An earlier attribution to Annibale's older cousin and early collaborator, Ludovico Carracci, recorded in the annotation at lower left, is less plausible.) The scale and technique suggest that the work may be a cartoon, a full-scale study for a corresponding detail in a finished work. It is possible that the figure's ill-defined headdress is meant to be a turban, in which case she-like some of the other female subjects represented in drawings hanging nearby-may be a sibyl or ancient prophetess.
The head is drawn in an exquisitely atmospheric technique, even though the individual strokes of the bold hatching are largely evident, and the seamless rendering of tone is calibrated to be viewed from a distance, as is true of most cartoons, especially those for frescoes. The woman's head type can broadly be related to examples in fresco cycles by both Annibale and Agostino, and could date about 1595-1602 (before Agostino's death). Both the superb quality of the drawing and the psychological presence of the figure, however, make it tempting to attribute this cartoon fragment to Annibale himself.
Inscription: The recto is annotated by an early French collector, at lower left, in pen and brown ink: "L. Carrache"; at lower right, in pen and black ink: "3" [?].
Marking: Stamp, at lower right, Lionel Lucas (Lugt supp. 1733a)
Lionel Lucas (British, 1822–1862 London)(Lugt Supp. 1733a); Claude Lucas (British); Christie's, London- Dec. 9, 1949, part of no. 67 as L. Carracci
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," April 12, 2010–July 11, 2010.
Jacob Bean, Lawrence Turčić 17th century Italian Drawings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1979, cat. no. 109, fig. no. 109, p. 81, ill.
Aidan Weston-Lewis "Annibale Carracci and the Antique." Master Drawings. vol. 30, 1992, (note 38), pp. 295-298, 311.
Babette Bohn Ludovico Carracci and the Art of Drawing. Belgium, 2004, Bohn confirms the attribution to Annibale Carracci as first proposed by Weston-Lewis in 1992., cat. no. R41, fig. no. R41, p. 556, ill.