Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Study for a Male Figure Lowered into a Grave (recto); Kneeling Female Figure in Profile to Left (verso)

Artist:
Cigoli (Ludovico Cardi) (Italian, Castello di Cigoli 1559–1613 Rome)
Date:
1607–1613
Medium:
Point of brush, blue wash, highlighted with white, over black chalk, on blue paper
Dimensions:
9-13/16 x 15-3/8 in. (24.9 x 39.1 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Harry G. Sperling Fund, 1981
Accession Number:
1981.128
Not on view
The figures on both recto and verso are studied for the Burial of Saint Paul painted by Cigoli for the apse of the Basilica of San Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome. The painting was commissioned in 1606-1607 and, though unfinished at Cigoli's death, it was placed in the apse of the Basilica where it remained until the destructive fire of 1823. The painting, considered by Cigoli's contemporaries to be one of his masterpieces, is documented in a group of preparatory studies preserved in the Gabinetto Disegni e Stampe degli Uffizi, Florence (see: Miles Chappell in Disegni dei toscani a Roma, 1580-1620, Florence 1979, nos. 98-103).

On the recto, a studio assistant reclining in a hammock (?) is studied for the figure of Saint Paul being lowered into his tomb. The two hands at upper left indicate the action of reuniting Saint Paul's head with his body at the moment of burial (the Apostle was beheaded), while the hand indicated below the figure's knees is intended for one of the bearers of the corpse. The kneeling figure on the verso is a Roman matron who assists devoutly at the interment.In style and in technique (blue wash on blue paper) the drawing is characteristic of the draughtsmanship of the mature Cigoli, and the mistaken old attribution to Jacopo Vignali (annotated on the mount) can perhaps be explained by the preponderant influence of Cigoli on the work of this Florentine artist of the following generation.
Inscription: Annotated in pen and brown ink at upper border, vignali; in pen and black ink at lower border of the Ottley mount, Jacopo Vignali Pittore, (recto), and Jacopo Vignali. (verso).
William Young Ottley (British, Thatcham, Berkshire 1771–1836 London)- on an Ottley mount, see Lugt Supp. 2662; his sale, Thomas Philipe (British, 1740–1816), London, June 6–23, 1814, lot 1409 as Jacopo Vignali; Sir Thomas Lawrence (British, Bristol 1769–1830 London); Hans M. Calmann; Christie's, London, April 7, 1981, lot 49
Jacob Bean, Lawrence Turčić 15th and 16th Century Italian Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1982, pp. 62-63, no. 50.

Jacob Bean "Curatorial Reports and Departmental Accessions: Drawings." in Annual Report of the Trustees of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, July 1, 1981 - June 30, 1982. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 112, New York, 1982, p. 22, ill.

Giulia Brunetti, Marco Chiarini, Maria Sframeli Disegni e incisioni della raccolta Marucelli. Exh. cat. Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Florence, Italy, 1983, no. 33.

Miles Chappell "Lodovico Cigoli's Lost 'Burial of Saint Paul': Newly Discovered Drawings." Master Drawings. vol. 22, no. 3, 1984, pp. 291-94, pls. 7-8, ill.

Miles Chappell Disegni di Lodovico Cigoli (1559-1613). Exh. cat. Florence, Gabinetto Disegni e Stampe degli Uffizi. Florence, 1992, p. 170, under no. 100.

William M. Griswold, Linda Wolk-Simon Sixteenth Century Italian Drawings in New York Collections. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art (January 11 - March 27, 1994). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1994, pp. 44-45, no. 38.



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