Marking: The paper bears a watermark of an anchor in a circle, with a six-pointed star above and the intials "FS" pendent (close to Heawood nos. 1-8, but by no means identical; those watermarks are dated in the first half of the 17th century, and located in Venice, Rome, or Padua).
Alessandro Maggiori (Italian, Fermo 1764–1834 Fermo); Nicolas Rauch- June 18-19, 1962, no. 255.; L'Art Ancien, Zurich, Switzerland
Michael Milkovich Luca Giordano in America, Paintings, Drawings, and Prints Exh. cat., Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, Tennesse. Memphis, Tennesse, April 1964, cat. no. 37, p. 29, ill.
Walter Vitzthum "Pietro da Cortona's Drawings for the Pitti Palace at the Uffizi." The Burlington Magazine. vol. 107, October. London, 1965, p. 178.
Oreste Ferrari, Giuseppe Scavizzi Luca Giordano. Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, I and II, Naples (3 vols.), 1966, p. 203.
Jacob Bean, Lawrence Turčić 17th century Italian Drawings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1979, cat. no. 231, fig. no. 231, pp. 176-77, ill.
Anna Forlani Tempesti "Il disegno italiano nel Seicento." La Pittura in Italia. Il Seicento. Vol. 2, Second ed. revised. Milan, 1989, p. 582, fig. 871.