Perugino (Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci) (Italian, Città della Pieve, active by 1469–died 1523 Fontignano)
Brush and brown wash, highlighted with white gouache, on gray-green prepared paper (recto); pen and brown ink on unprepared off-white paper (verso)
8 1/16 × 11 in. (20.4 × 28 cm)
Purchase, Lila Acheson Wallace Gift, 1993
Not on view
Discovered by George Goldner at auction in 1992, this view of wooded hills descending toward a river is an extremely rare example of a landscape drawing by the artist, and is drawn in a delicate chiaroscuro technique with brown ink and white on a dark ground, full of atmospheric effects. A very similar motif appears in the background of Perugino's Vision of Saint Bernard (Alte Pinakothek, Munich), an altarpiece painted about 1489 for the Nasi Chapel in the Cistercian church of Santa Maria Maddalena di Cestello, known now as Santa Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi, near Florence. The teacher of Raphael (whom he outlived) and one of the painters in highest demand by patrons throughout Italy in the late fifteenth century, Perugino produced major works in Rome, Perugia, Bologna, Cremona, and Florence, as well as in the smaller towns of his native regions of Umbria and the Marches. He is best known for his graceful figural compositions set within monumental architectural backdrops and landscapes which create the exquisitely serene, idyllic mood that his patrons no doubt admired. (Carmen C. Bambach, 2008, revised 2014)
Inscription: Annotated in pen and brown ink, at lower right corner, "CL", possibly referring to Claude Lorrain.
Herbert List (German, Hamburg 1903–1975 Munich); Wolfgang Ratjen, Munich and Vaduz (German, 1943–1997); Christie's, Londonsale, 12/15/1992, lot 47; Gabrielle Kopelman
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," February 8, 1999–May 3, 1999.
Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria, Perugia. "Perugino: Il divin pittore," May 10, 2004–July 18, 2004.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Raphael at the Metropolitan: The Colonna Altarpiece," June 20, 2006–September 3, 2006.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Philippe de Montebello Years: Curators Celebrate Three Decades of Acquisitions," October 24, 2008–February 1, 2009.
Alte Pinakothek, Munich. "Perugino: Raffaels Meister," October 15, 2011–January 15, 2012.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paper Chase: Two Decades of Collecting Drawings and Prints," December 9, 2014–March 16, 2015.
George R. Goldner "New Drawings by Perugino and Pontormo." Burlington Magazine. vol. 136, 1994, pp. 365-366, figs. 28-30.
George R. Goldner "Curatorial Reports and Departmental Accessions: Drawings" in Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum, July 1, 1993 - June 30, 1994. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1994, p. 27.
William M. Griswold, Helen Bobritzky Mules, Suzanne Boorsch, Nadine Orenstein "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1993-1994: Renaissance and Baroque Europe - Europe 1700-1900." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 52, no. 2, Autumn 1994, p. 21 (entry by William Griswold).
Joseph Antenucci Becherer Pietro Perugino Master of the Italian Renaissance. Exh. cat. Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1997, pp. 69, 79 (text by Rosaria Mencarelli), 192, 193, 206 (entry by Joseph Antenucci Becherer).
Silvia Blasio Il paesaggio nella pittura di Pietro Perugino in Perugino e il paesaggio. Exh. cat. Città della Pieve (Perugia), Palazzo della Corgna. Ed. by Silvia Blasio et al., Cinisello Balsamo (Milan), 2004, pp. 31, 33-34, 41, figs. 16-17.
Vittoria Garibaldi, Francesco Federico Mancini Perugino: il divin pittore. Exh. cat., Galleria nazionale dell'Umbria, Perugia. Milan, 2004, p. 375, no. II.25 (entry by Lisa Venturini).
Linda Wolk-Simon "Raphael at the Metropolitan: The Colonna Altarpiece." Exh. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006, pp. 71-72, no. 25.
Perugino: Raffaels Meister. Exh cat., Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Alte Pinakothek, Munich. Edited by Andreas Schumacher, Munich, 2011, pp. 208-9, no. 6 (entry by Annette Hojer).
Artist: Workshop of Perugino (Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci) (Italian, Città della Pieve, active by 1469–died 1523 Fontignano)Date: late 15th–early 16th centuryMedium: Black chalk; Squared in black chalk; eyes, nose, ears, mouth retouched with pen and brown ink.Accession: 1975.1.394On view in:Not on view
Artist: Circle of Perugino (Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci) (Italian, Città della Pieve, active by 1469–died 1523 Fontignano)Date: late 15th–early 16th centuryMedium: Tip of the brush and black ink, black wash, traces of black chalk, heightened with white, on dark brown tinted paper.Accession: 1975.1.399On view in:Not on view
Artist: Workshop of Perugino (Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci) (Italian, Città della Pieve, active by 1469–died 1523 Fontignano)Date: ca. 1504Medium: Metalpoint on pinkish prepared paper; retouched by a later hand in pencil, particularly the figure at the right (recto); black chalk, over dots obtained by the pouncing of a model; partly retouched with brush and brown ink (verso)Accession: 1975.1.393On view in:Not on view
Artist: Copy after Perugino (Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci) (Italian, Città della Pieve, active by 1469–died 1523 Fontignano)Date: 1495–1510Medium: Metalpoint, reworked with brush and brown wash, highlighted with white gouache, on beige prepared paperAccession: 80.3.197On view in:Not on view