The death of Saint Alexis Falconieri at Monte Senario
Bernardino Poccetti (Italian, San Marino di Valdelsa 1548–1612 Florence)
Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash, highlighted with white, over red chalk and some charcoal
6-3/8 x 11-1/16 in. (16.2 x 28.1 cm)
The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1961
Not on view
This drawing depicting the ‘Death of Alexis Falconieri at Monte Senario’ is a study for one of the lunettes frescoed around 1606 by Bernardino Poccetti in the ‘Chiostro dei Morti’ (Cloister of the Dead) at the Santissima Annunziata, Florence. The fresco forms part of a series of twenty five similarly shaped frescoes in the large cloister called the "Chiostri dei Morti". The frescoes deal with the lives and deaths of the Servite monks. Only thirteen of the frescoes were painted by Poccetti. Others in the series were by Matteo Rosselli (1578-1650), Fra Arsenio Mascagni (Donato Mascagni, 1579-1636) and by Ventura Salimbeni (1568-1613). The Metropolitan Museum owns a total of four drawings by Poccetti which are studies for the important frescoes in the Annunziata: see inv. nos. 80.3.320 (Figure Studies), 64.48.1 (Saint Philip Benizi Converting two Women at Todi) and 200.91.1 (Seated Figure and Sanding Figure). The lunette-shaped fresco - for which the Met drawing is a study - is the last one on the right wall of the Florentine cloister. Below the painting is the following inscription: "IL BEATO ALESSO FALCONIERI L'ULTIMO AMANCARE DE SERVI L'ANNO CX DI SUA ETA INVITATO DA GESU BENEDETTO AL PARADISO SENE MUORE SANTAMENTE IN MONTE SENARIO L'ANNO MCCC X."
As discussed by Paul Hamilton and Jacob Bean, the Museum’s sheet relates with a drawing made in red chalk study for the figure of the dying saint lying on the ground (Collection Frits Lugt, Paris inv. T.4546) and with other studies for the same composition now in the Gabinetto Disegni e Stampe degli Uffizi, Florence: a study for the two men and horses in the lower right corner, in pen, black ink, and blue-gray wash (inv. no. 1686 S); a red chalk study for the kneeling man at the left (also with a slight sketch of the dead Falconieri, inv. no. 8371 F,); three red chalk studies for other monks in the composition (or for a related fresco: inv. nos. 8645 F r-v and 8646F); a study for a standing monk with his head bowed, possibly related to the center figure in our drawing; a variation of the kneeling monk looking up at the right (inv. 8736 S); a red chalk drawing for the standing man at the extreme right holding his robe in the left hand (inv. no. 817 F). A further sheet in the Uffizi (inv. no. 851 F) is a drawing very similar to ours in technique, measuring (27x39 cm), and is a study for another fresco in the series, ‘The deaths of the Blessed Uguccione and the Blessed Sostegno.’ A composition study for another of the lunettes ‘Death of the Blessed Filippo Buonagiunta Manetti,’ is in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (see K.T. Parker, ‘Catalogue of the Collection of Drawings in the Ashmolean Museum,’ Oxford 1956, vol. II, Italian schools, no. 471, pl. CX, ill.). This drawing is not listed in the catalogue of the posthumous sale of a part of the Lagoy collection (see: "Catalogue de dessins anciens et originaux de toutes les écoles provenant du cabinet de feu M. le Marquis de Lagoy, " 17-19 April, 1834.)
Inscription: Annotated at lower left of verso in pen and brown ink in an old hand: 1820 WE P6 N.105 formerly in the coll.n of the Marquis Lelgroix [sic]/ Barbatelli/ called/ B. Pocetti; On the verso in graphite is the following annotation: P. Barbatelli (called Poccetti)/ b. Florence 1542 or 8, D. 1612/from THAIN [sic], MARQUIS DE LAGOY and/ Esdaile collections.
Marking: The mark of Jean-Baptiste-Florentin, Gabriel de Meryan, Marquis de Lagoy is on the lower right recto of the drawing (Lugt 1710). The mark of William Esdaille (Lugt 2617) is also on the lower right recto of the drawing. On the verso of the drawing is a mark, in pencil, resembling that of John Thane, London (Lugt 1544).
John Thane (British, London 1748–1818); Willem Anne Lestevenon (Paris 1750–1803 Paris)(according to Lagoy inventory); Jean-Baptiste-Florentin-Gabriel de Meryan, marquis de Lagoy (French, 1764–1829); William Esdaile (British, 1758–1837 London); his sale, Christie's, London, June 18–23, 1840, no.29
Jean-Baptiste-Florentin-Gabriel de Meryan, marquis de Lagoy Catalogue de dessins anciens et originaux de toutes les écoles : provenant du cabinet de feu M. le Marquis de Lagoy. sale: Bonnefons de Lavialle, April 17-19, 1834. Bonnefons de Lavialle, Paris, 1834, cat. no. 45, p. 12.
Paul C. Hamilton Disegni di Bernardino Poccetti (San Marino V.E. 1548 - Firenze 1612). Exh. cat., Gabinetto Disegni e Stampe degli Uffizi. Florence, 1980, pp. 18, 80, 89, 108, under nos. 66, 76, and 105, pl. 4.
Jacob Bean, Lawrence Turčić 15th and 16th Century Italian Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1982, cat. no. 182, fig. no. 182, pp. 188-89, ill.
James Byam Shaw The Italian Drawings of the Frits Lugt Collection. vol. 1, Paris, 1983, cat. no. no. 39, p. 46.
Artist: Attributed to Bernardino Poccetti (Italian, San Marino di Valdelsa 1548–1612 Florence)Date: 1548–1612Medium: Red chalk, over charcoal, squared for transferAccession: 65.66.8On view in:Not on view