After Cornelis Cornelisz van Haarlem (Netherlandish, Haarlem 1562–1638 Haarlem)
Engraving; first state
Sheet: 13 5/8 x 13 7/16 in. (34.6 x 34.1 cm)
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1953
Not on view
This extraordinary tondo is one of the most daring works to have resulted from the brief collaboration between Goltzius and the painter Cornelis Cornelisz van Haarlem. The common bond of the four fallers in the series is that each one tried to enter the realm of the gods and was punished for his hubris. Although he worked from Cornelisz's designs, Goltzius should be given just as much credit as the painter for the striking nature of these scenes. His bold, meshed, swelling strokes lend the figures a powerful presence and masterfully evoke the reflections of light and shadow on their rippling muscles. The sense of confusion surrounding the falls of Ixion (seen here) and Tantalus (53.601.338(3)) into their hellish surroundings is heightened by repeated patterns of swirling lines. The four seemingly varied poses are in fact more or less the same pose (one leg bent down, the other raised; one arm raised, the other lowered) viewed from different angles.
Duke of Northumberland; Princes of Liechtenstein, Vaduz and Vienna
Artist: Hendrick Goltzius (Netherlandish, Mühlbracht 1558–1617 Haarlem)Date: late 16th–early 17th centuryMedium: Black chalk, heightened with white chalk, stumped; traces of brown and yellow chalksAccession: 1994.87On view in:Not on view