Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Discovery of America: Vespucci Landing in America

Artist:
Jan van der Straet, called Stradanus (Netherlandish, Bruges 1523–1605 Florence)
Date:
ca. 1587–89
Medium:
Pen and brown ink, brown wash, heightened with white, over black chalk. Incised
Dimensions:
Overall: 7 1/2 x 10 9/16in. (19 x 26.9cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Gift of Estate of James Hazen Hyde, 1959
Accession Number:
1974.205
Not on view
A Netherlandish artist working in Florence, Van der Straet designed this iconic image of America as part of a print series on new inventions and discoveries. It visualizes Amerigo Vespucci’s first encounter with America, represented as a nude indigenous woman in a hammock. In the background cannibals roast human flesh and exotic animals roam.
Signature: At lower right, inscribed "ioannes stradanus / faciebat" in pen and brown ink

Inscription: At center, inscribed "ACIREMA" (with the letters backwards) in pen and brown ink; at lower center, inscribed "AMERICUSVESPUCIUS / Florentinus . 1497." in pen and brown ink; at upper left, in the tree above the sloth, inscribed "Pigritia"; at left above the running animal, inscribed "curigon" in pen and brown ink; to the left of America's elbow, inscribed "Anta" in pen and brown ink; at left above the pinapples, inscribed "Ananazas" in pen and brown ink; at lower left, below anteater, inscribed "Tamandoa" in pen and brown ink. Verso: at upper left, inscribed "Joannes Stradanus f." in pen and brown ink; at center, inscribed "Americen Americus retexit, et / semel vocavit, inde semper excitam, / Tua sectus orbis nomina ducet. Hor. us Ode 17 lb. 3. / parque tuum terrae tertia nonem habet. Ovidus Fastores" in pen and brown ink; at upper right, inscribed "Omdat ut ock werstaen zet van et ghedierte ghetheckent / Tamandoa es groet gheleck in scaep hest breede woeten / om den mieren te crabben bij den andren en hest in lang(e) / smalle langhe splete waer de mont in langhe tongh(e) / om de mieren op te lecken in ronde oerren. cergon es in ghedierte van de groete ghleck in woes / hachter gheleck in scominkel hest tuee sacken onder aer / buck daer si aer kinderen in dracht al sughende ghet (?) Anta gheleck in eesel of klene mulle corte stert ro(onde) / hoerren de onder leppe lanck ront. Pigritia groet gheleck wos clemt op de boeme de woeten / winghers kan van aer groeten buck in 15. daghen gh(aen) / in zoe warre als sen met in sten woerpen zoude. Vide Petrum Mafeum Bergomatem Jesuitum / Historiarum Indicarum tome 2 es."; at bottom right, inscribed "Do Christophoro Colombo." in pen and brown ink; at lower left, inscribed "59.654.1 / 1974.205"

Marking: Verso: at lower right, the collector's mark of William A. Baillie-Grohman (Lugt 370)
William A. Baillie-Grohman (born 1851); by descent to Mrs. William A. Baillie-Grohman; her sale, Sotheby's, London, May 14, 1923, lot 155Purchased by Hyde; James Hazen Hyde (American, New York 1876–1959); Donor: James Hazen Hyde (American, New York 1876–1959)
Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Drawing: Diamond Jubilee Exhibition," November 4, 1950–February 11, 1951.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," May 6, 1996–July 28, 1996.

Groeninge Museum. "Stradanus (1523–1607) Court Artist of the Medici," October 9, 2008–January 4, 2009.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection".

A. Thompson A Print Collection: illustrating the Field Sports of Europe, Part I in The Connoisseur: An Illustrated Magazine for Collectors. vol. 44, London, January - April, 1916, p. 19.

William A. Baillie-Grohman "A drawing of Amerigo Vespucci Taking Possession of America" The Connoisseur: An Illustrated Magazine for Collectors. vol. 55, London, Sept.-Dec., 1919, pp. 41-42, ill.

William A. Baillie-Grohman Sport in Art: An iconography of sport during four hundred years from the beginning of the fifteenth to the end of the eighteenth centuries. London, [1919], fig. no. 85, pp. 138-145.

Sotheby's, London Catalogue of the Extensive Collection of Old Engravings, Drawings & Books relating to Sport, formed by the late W. A. Baillie-Grohman of Schloss Matzen, Brixlegg, Tyrol. May 14, 1923, cat. no. 155.

Bibliothèque nationale Quatre Siècles de Colonisation Françaises. Paris, 1931, cat. no. 417.

Masterpieces of Drawing: Diamond Jubilee Exhibition. Exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art (November 4, 1950 - February 11, 1951). Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 1950, cat. no. 44, ill.

Michel Benisovich "The drawings of Stradanus (Jan van der Straeten) in the Cooper Union Museum for the Arts of Decoration, New York." Art Bulletin. vol. 38, 1956, p. 250.

Gunther Thiem "Studien zu Jan van der Straet, gennant Stradanus." Mitteilungen der Kunsthistorischen Institutes in Florenz. vol. 8, Florence, 1958, pp. 91-92.

Clare Le Corbeiller "Miss America and her Sisters: Personifications of the Four Parts of the World." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 19, New York, 1961, fig. no. 1, pp. 210-211, ill.

Dirck Barendsz. 1534-1592. Amsterdam, 1970, fig. no. 146, pp. 88-89, ill.

A. B. McGinty Stradanus (Jan van der Straet) his role in the visual communication of Renaissance discoveries, technologies and values. Ann Arbor, 1974, p. 21.

Suzanne Boorsch Images of the New World. Exh. cat., MMA, July 16-September 14. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1975, cat. no. 14, ill.

Hugh Honour The European Vision of America. Exh. cat. Cleveland, 1975, cat. no. 86, ill.

Federica Ambrosini "Rappresentanzioni allegoriche dell'America nel Veneto del Cinque e Seicento." Artibus et Historiae. vol. 2, 1980, fig. no. 11, pp. 71-72, ill.

G. J. van der Sman Cristofero Colombo e l'apertura degli spazi. Exh. cat. Genoa, 1992, pp. 1001-1004.

Alessandra Baroni Vannucci Jan van der Straet detto Giovanni Stradano: flandrus pictor et inventor. Milan, 1997, cat. no. 461, fig. no. 461, pp. 282-283, 397, ill.

Memlingmuseum, Maryan W. Ainsworth De Hans Memling à Pierre Pourbus. Exh. cat. Edited by Maximiliaan P. J. Martens, Bruges, Aug 15, 1998-Dec 6, 1998, cat. no. 169, fig. no. 169, ill.

Alessandra Baroni Vannucci, Manfred Sellink Stradanus 1523-1605: Court Artist of the Medici. Oostkamp, Belgium, 2012, cat. no. 100, ill.

Clare Vincent, J.H. Leopold, Elizabeth Sullivan, Yale University Press European Clocks and Watches in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2015, fig. no. 55, p. 230, ill.



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