Art/ Collection/ Art Object

(1) Hortus Palatinus

Designed by Salomon de Caus (French, Dieppe 1576?–1626 (active Germany))
(1) Published by Johann Theodor de Brij , Frankfurt am Main
(2, 3, 4) Published by Jan Norton
Dedicated to Frederick V, King of Bohemia (1596–1632)
Dedicated to Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1533–1603) (Princess at that time)
Dedicated to Anne of Denmark, Queen of England (1574–1619)
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (British, Stirling, Scotland 1594–1612 London)
Published in:
Frankfurt am Main
Engravings and woodcuts
Overall: 15 3/8 x 10 7/16 x 1 15/16 in. (39 x 26.5 x 5 cm)
Credit Line:
The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1949
Accession Number:
Not on view
Salomon de Caus (1576–1626) was a unique figure in garden history. Trained as an architect-mathematician and hydraulic engineer, he was renowned not only for his garden designs with magnificent waterworks, but also for his many publications on topics relating to the arts and sciences. His most influential works include the Hortus Palatinus (1620) on his Heidelberg garden designs, and Les raisons des forces mouvantes (1615), setting out the principles of hydraulics on which the automata or trick fountains and water jokes in the seventeenth-century garden were based. Familiar with the waterworks in Italian Renaissance gardens (Villa d'Este, Tivoli, and Pratolino, Florence), ultimately derived from the just reissued works of Hero of Alexandria (first century A.D.), de Caus introduced hydraulics into the Northern European garden. His influence was widespread at the courts of the Southern and Northern Netherlands, Germany, and also England, where his younger brother Isaac de Caus worked.
(2): Institution Harmonique divisée en deux parties, Frankfurt, 1615

(3): La Perspective, London, 1612

(4): Les Raisons des forces mouvants, Frankfort, 1615

(5) Troisieme Traitant de la Fabrique des Orges

Marking: Bookplate of Luton Library, Avito Viret Honore, pasted inside front cover. Armorial bookplate of John Earl of Bute &c., Nobilis Ira/Avito Viret Honore, pasted on first titlepage, verso.
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (British, born Scotland, Edinburgh 1713–1792 London)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," November 27, 1995–February 25, 1996.

Univ.Cat.I.250 (Jan Nordon), Brunet I.1691(lists London, Barker, 1611), Cicognara 826, S.K.B. 4706,1777, Graesse II.90, Jessen 255.793;Cicognara 3983, 894, Duportal 297-8
Related Objects

(1) Hortus Palatinus, plate 32

Artist: Designed by Salomon de Caus (French, Dieppe 1576?–1626 (active Germany)) Date: 1620 Medium: Engraving Accession: 49.122(32) On view in:Not on view

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