Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, Siegen 1577–1640 Antwerp)
Pen, brush and brown ink on pale tan paper; reverse, black chalk and brown ink.
Sheet: 8 7/16 x 5 9/16 in. (21.4 x 14.2 cm)
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Janos Scholz, 1952
Not on view
The first great altarpiece Rubens painted after his return from Italy was The Descent from the Cross, commissioned in 1611 for the chapel of the arquebusiers in the Antwerp Cathedral. The triptych was dedicated to Saint Christopher, the guild's patron saint, and the theme was the carrying of Christ. This early study is for the inside right wing, where it is Simeon, the high priest, who carries the infant Christ. Rubens used bold pen strokes to block out and then make changes in the positions of the figures; in the final painting, which is still in the cathedral at Antwerp, Rubens changed the places of Simeon and the prophetess Anna.
Inscription: Upper right verso in pencil: Van Dyck
Davis Museum and Cultural Center. "Flemish Drawings in the Age of Rubens: Selected works from American collections".
Cleveland Museum of Art. "Flemish Drawings in the Age of Rubens: Selected works from American collections".
Wellesly College Art Museum, Wellesly, MA. "Flemish Drawings in the Age of Rubens: Selected works from American collections".
Snite Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame. "Janos Scholz, Musician and Collector," August 3, 1980–May 28, 1980.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," November 27, 1995–February 25, 1996.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," May 5, 1998–September 14, 1998.
Graphische Sammlung Albertina. "Peter Paul Rubens 1577-1640," September 14, 2004–December 5, 2004.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Peter Paul Rubens 1577-1640," January 14, 2005–April 3, 2005.
Otto Benesch "Beiträge zum Werk des Rubens." in Alte und Neue Kunst (Wiener Kunstwissenschaftlicher Blatter). vol. 3, 1954, fig. no. 1, pp. 8-19, ill.
Michael Jaffé "Un chef-d'oeuvre mieux connu." in L'Oeil. 43-44. 1958, cf. p. 19, fig. no. p.18, p. 20, ill.
Julius S. Held Rubens: Selected Drawings. London, 1959, vol II pl. 34, cat. no. 28, fig. no. 49, 50, p. 105, ill.
Michael Jaffé Rubens and Italy. Oxford, 1977, fig. no. 188, 189, pp. 52, 57, ill.
Julius S. Held Rubens Selected Drawings. 2nd edition (revised). Oxford, 1986, and mentioned under nos. 71 and 14, pl. 73 on p.197, cat. no. 72, fig. no. 73, pp. 70, 97, 98, ill.
Anne Marie Logan, Michiel C. Plomp, Dr. Klaus Albrecht Schröder, Heinz Widauer Peter Paul Rubens. Exh. cat., Albertina, Vienna, Sept. 15 - Dec. 5, 2004 (also see New York, 2005). Dr. Klaus Albrecht Schröder, Heinz Widauer, Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna, 2004, pp. 28, 34, 57, 60-61, 88, 112, cat. no. 24, pp. 196-201, ill.
Anne Marie Logan, Michiel C. Plomp Peter Paul Rubens: The Drawings. Exh. cat.: January 15 - April 3, 2005; also Albertina, Vienna, 2004. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2005, pp. 22, 25, 40, 55, 118, 142, 162, cat. no. 30, pp. 130-132, ill.