View of Rome from the Janiculum in the South-West; verso: Sketch of buildings and plants
Anthonis van den Wijngaerde (Netherlandish, Antwerp (?) 1525–1571 Madrid)
Pen and brown ink, brown and blue wash, over black chalk, on three pieces of paper glued together
Sheet: 51 3/16 × 8 5/16 in. (130 × 21.1 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1952
Not on view
Made of three pieces of paper glued together, this exceptionally large drawing is among the most detailed early panoramas of Rome. The view is from the Janiculum Hill, in the western part of the city, on the site of the American Academy. Missing is Saint Peter's Basilica, just beyond the left boundary of the drawing, but other famous monuments can be recognized: the Castel Sant'Angelo, the Pantheon (whose rotunda is incorrectly punctuated by columns), the Colosseum, and, in the right foreground, the church of San Pietro in Montorio with its famous Tempietto by the fifteenth-century architect Bramante. In the center foreground is the Aurelian Wall, built in the third century A.D. Visible at center, on the opposite bank of the Tiber, is the Palazzo Farnese prior to its completion, making it plausible that the drawing dates from the 1540s. Although the view is a generally precise rendering of the city, it is unlikely that Van den Wijngaerde made it entirely on the spot. It is more probable that he made various perparatory sketches on the Janiculum and then worked out the vast panorama in the comfort of his lodgings.
Inscription: Verso: at upper right, inscribed "48/9" in graphite (20th-century handwriting); at lower right, inscribed "300/A." in pen and brown ink (18th-century handwriting?); below, inscribed "Rome" in black chalk (18th- or 19th-century handwriting); at lower right, inscribed "SRW" in blue-green crayon
Marking: Watermark: ladder in shield under six-pointed star
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," April 14, 1997–July 20, 1997.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," January 3, 2011–April 4, 2011.
Artist: Bartholomeus Spranger (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1546–1611 Prague)Date: ca. 1580–1585Medium: Pen and brown ink, brush and brown and gray wash, white heightening, over traces of black chalk, on paper washed blue and pinkAccession: 1997.93On view in:Not on view
Artist: Bernard van Orley (Netherlandish, Brussels ca. 1492–1541/42 Brussels)Date: 1530–35Medium: Pen and brown ink, watercolor over traces of black chalk; verso: tracing in black chalk of the figures on the rectoAccession: 1995.12On view in:Not on view
Artist: Jan Brueghel the Elder (Netherlandish, Brussels 1568–1625 Antwerp)Date: ca. 1588–89Medium: Pen and brown ink, brush and blue and brown washes, heightened with white; framing lines in pen and brown inkAccession: 1995.15On view in:Not on view