This sword was awarded by the United States Congress to General Wool in 1854 in belated recognition of his pivotal role in the American victory at Buena Vista (February 1847) during the Mexican War. The massive gold hilt incorporates the American eagle as the pommel, an ear of corn for the grip, and a cactus branch entwined with snakes (for Mexico) as the cross-guard. The sword's elegant proportions, novel design, sculptural conception, and superb finish make it an outstanding example of mid-nineteenth-century silversmithing. As the blade is by a Baltimore cutler, Samuel Jackson, the hilt and scabbard may be the work of a Baltimore silversmith not yet identified.
Inscription: Inscribed within a shield with stars and stripes, applied to the eagle's breast on the hilt: BUENA VISTA / FEB. 22 & 23 / 1847; on the blade, within a scroll in the mouth of an eagle: E PLURIBUS UNUM; stamped on each side of the base of the blade: SAMUEL / JACKSON / BALTIMORE; engraved on the outer face of the scabbard between the ring mounts: Presented to / Major General John E. Wool a testimony of the high sense entertained by Congress of / his gallant and judicious conduct at the battle / of BUENA VISTA, in accordance with a Joint Resolution approved / January 23rd, 1854.
Arnold, Richard. Ceremonies on Occasion of the Presentation of the Swords, voted Major General John E. Wool, by the Common Council of the City of Troy, the Legislature of New York, and the Congress of the United States. Troy, N.Y.: A. W. Scribner and Co., 1860. pp. 37–44.
N. Flayderman & Co. N. Flayderman & Co., Inc. Purveyors of Military & Nautical Antiquities. Vol. 101. New Milford, Conn.: N. Flayderman & Co, n.d., ca. 1978. no. 1508, ill. on cover.
Heritage Auction Galleries. Civil War Auction: Session One. Vol. 6002. Dallas: Heritage Auctions, Inc., June 29, 2008. no. 72106.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Thomas P. Campbell. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 167, ill.