Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Armor for Field and Tilt

Date:
ca. 1570
Culture:
Italian
Medium:
Steel
Dimensions:
Wt. 61 lb. 10 oz. (27.95 kg)
Classification:
Armor for Man
Credit Line:
Gift of George D. Pratt, 1927
Accession Number:
27.159.1a–p, .11, .14a–e, .16–.17
Not on view
This garniture is unusually large. It contains pieces for use in battle and for the tilt in both the Italian and German fashions. The tilt was a tournament fought on horseback between two opponents armed with lances and separated by a lengthwise barrier.

The armor as mounted is equipped with a helmet and vambraces (arm defenses) for the tournament. The buffe (chin defense), second breastplate (acc. no. 27.159.2), and manifer (reinforced left gauntlet) (27.159.6) would have been added to make the armor ready for exchange pieces for different forms of the tournament. For the German tilt, the trellised targe (shield) (27.159.7), small elbow defense (27.159.5), and small stomach defense (27.159.3) were added. For the Italian tilt, these elements were replaced by the form-fitting reinforce covering the left half of the torso and left shoulder (mezzo sovrapetto) (27.159.2) and the larger elbow defense (soprabacciale) (27.159.4).

The garniture also includes two complete sets of saddle steels (27.159.13, .14) (only one is exhibited) and two vamplates (conical hand defenses affixed to the lance) (27.159.8, .9). The decoration consisting of etched bands containing trophies of arms and musical instruments was a popular design found in many variations in Italy throughout the second half of the sixteenth century.
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Large Elbow Reinforce (Soprabacciale)

Date: ca. 1570 Medium: Steel Accession: 27.159.4 On view in:Not on view

Small Elbow Reinforce

Date: ca. 1570 Medium: Steel Accession: 27.159.5 On view in:Not on view

Reinforcing Abdominal Defense

Date: ca. 1570 Medium: Steel Accession: 27.159.3 On view in:Not on view

Reinforcing Breastplate, Shoulder Defense, and Buffe (Chin Defense)

Date: ca. 1570 Medium: Steel Accession: 27.159.2a–c On view in:Not on view

Armor for Field and Tilt

Date: ca. 1550–75 Medium: –Steel Accession: 27.159.1a–p On view in:Not on view