Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves: The Three Crosses
Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch, Leiden 1606–1669 Amsterdam)
Sheet: 15 1/16 x 17 1/2 in. (38.2 x 44.4 cm)
Gift of Felix M. Warburg and his family, 1941
Not on view
In the fourth state of this print, Rembrandt completely transformed the plate by scraping away large portions of the original composition (see also the second state, 41.1.31), some of which are still visible underneath the hatching. He covered the sky with strong parallel lines that veil the remaining figures on both sides, and he redrew Christ's face to show his mouth open and his eyes half-closed. These changes actually alter the subject of the print: instead of showing the centurion's conversion after Christ's death, the image now focuses on the figure of Christ in the final moments of life, as he cries, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (Matthew 27:46).
Felix Moritz Warburg; Donor: Felix Moritz Warburg, and his family
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," December 4, 1992–April 5, 2013.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," February 11, 2014–April 28, 2014.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Power of Prints: The Legacy of William M. Ivins and A. Hyatt Mayor," January 26, 2016–May 22, 2016.
Hind 270.iv; Bartsch 78.iv; NH(Rembrandt).II.222.274 iv
William M. Ivins Jr. "Prints by Six Masters from the Warburg and Other Collections." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 36, no. 2, New York, February 1941, p. 48, ill.