In this stark scene of barren trees and snow-covered, distant mountains, the artist has combined the "one-corner" compositional formula of the Song Imperial Painting Academy with the Fan Kuan (active ca. (990–1030) idiom of "small ax-cut" stippled rocks and stocky trees with bare, stubby branches to evoke a mood of chilly quietude. The scene focuses on two travelers awaiting the arrival of a ferryman in his small boat. The angular foreground boulders and spiky trees contrast with the gray-and-white expanse of water, sky, and snowshrouded mountains, set off by a flock of circling birds-emphasizing the sense of hushed stillness.
Inscription: No artist’s inscription, signature or seal
Cai Naihuang 蔡乃煌 (1861–1916), 2 columns in semi-cursive scrip, undated; 2 seals (on separate paper):