The martyrdom of Saint Paul and the condemnation of Saint Peter
Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio (Italian, Parma or Verona ca. 1500/1505–1565 Krakow (?))
After Parmigianino (Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola) (Italian, Parma 1503–1540 Casalmaggiore)
Sheet: 10 3/16 × 17 11/16 in. (25.8 × 45 cm)
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1927
Not on view
Engraved just before the Sack of Rome in 1527, this print is the result of the collaboration of the Italian Mannerist artist Parmigianino and the skilled engraver Caraglio. A number of drawings by Parmigianino relating to the composition survive, including the actual model used by Caraglio to transfer the design to the plate (British Museum, London). Parmigianino may have created this design to decorate the Sala dei Pontefici in the Vatican—a commission that was never realized—though that is far from certain. The engraving shows the moments preceding the execution ordered by Emperor Nero of the apostles Peter and Paul. Saint Peter kneels in the foreground before his executioner, while behind him Saint Paul is pulled away by his beard to be crucified.
A drawing by Parmigianino depicting an apparition of Christ in the Metrpolitan Museum (65.112.2) is drawn on the back of a fragment of an impression of Caraglio's print. The fragment of the print is the section showing Jupiter and the eagle from the upper right.
Inscription: Lettered at lower right: 'IACOBVS PARMENSIS / FECIT'. Inscribed in pen and black ink verso: 'P. mariette 1671'.
Pierre Jean Mariette (French, Paris 1694–1774 Paris); Vendor: P. & D. Colnaghi & Co.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," February 26, 2001–May 21, 2001.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," February 26, 2013–May 20, 2013.
Bartsch XV.71.8; TIB XV.2802.071 i/iii
Adam von Bartsch Le Peintre graveur. Vienna, 1803.
TIB The Illustrated Bartsch - Commentary Volumes. 1978–.
Artist: Cameo by Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio (Italian, Parma or Verona ca. 1500/1505–1565 Krakow (?))Date: cameo ca. 1530–40, frame 19th centuryMedium: Sardonyx, with inlaid gold and silver details; mounted in 19th century frame as a pendant in gold, with enamel, pearl and rubyAccession: 17.190.869On view in:Gallery 536