Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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View of the Mausoleum of the Emperor Hadrian (now called Castel S. Angelo) from the rear, from Vedute di Roma (Roman Views)

Series/Portfolio:
Vedute di Roma
Artist:
Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian, Mogliano Veneto 1720–1778 Rome)
Publisher:
Bouchard & Gravier (Rome)
Date:
ca. 1756
Medium:
Etching, undescribed first state with address of Bouchard
Dimensions:
Sheet: 20 x 25 9/16 in. (50.8 x 65 cm) Plate: 17 5/16 x 21 15/16 in. (44 x 55.8 cm)
Classification:
Prints
Credit Line:
The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund,1955
Accession Number:
55.567.6
Not on view
Piranesi's earliest views of Rome, such as the Piazza del Popolo (37.45.3.49), had placed the principal buildings at the back of a vast, tilted space, filled with a diversity of human activity. By the mid-1750s, the monuments fill the space more commandingly, and are seen as if from below and close at hand, as in this view of the Castel Sant'Angelo. Piranesi produced this view at the same time he was working on the Antichità Romane (41.71.1.3.49; 41.71.1.3.53), his four-volume archaeological treatise, and it may have been originally intended for that work. The clear didactic character of the image and the type of lettering are characteristic of the Antichità Romane, although the dramatic view of the castle as it appeared in the eighteenth century is entirely in keeping with the other Vedute. The buildings at the top of the structure served as a gracious and well-fortified refuge for the pope in times of trouble—the corridor that stretches to the right atop huge arches leads all the way to the Vatican Palace.
Inscription: At bottom center: VEDUTA del Mausoleo d'Elio Adriano (ora chiamato Castello S. Angelo) nella parte opposta alla Facciata dentro al Castello. A Avanzo del Masso antico. B Copertura moderna di mattani sopra l'antica Masso. C Bocche di Artiglieria collocata nel Corritojo, che gira all'intorno/ D Loggia diametram.te (te as superscript) opposta / alla Facciata del Mausoleo. E Carceri per le persone riguardevoli. F Archivo. G Maschietto. H Angelo di metallo. I Baloardi fatti piantare dal Pontefice Alessandro VI. K Corritojo fabbricato parim.te (te as superscript) per ordine dello stesso; e poscia fatto coprire da Urbano VIII. Questo Corritojo è sostenuto da gran numero d'Ar- / chi, e dal Palazzo Vaticano conduce sino dentro al Maschio. L Ponte levatore del Corritojo. M Polveriera. N Cordonata, la quale porta sopra i Terrapieni, e sopra le Mura del principale Recinto del Castello. O Recinto di Mura, e Baloardi, che circonda il Maschio. P Armeria. Q Abitazione per gli / Uffiziali, e Soldati. R Altra Polveriera.
At lower left: So vendono in Roma dai SS.ri (ri as superscript) Bouchard, e Gravier Mercanti Libraj al Corso presso S. Marcello
At lower right: Piranesi Archit. dis. et inc.

Marking: On verso at lower left: The Metropolitan Museum of Art stamp
Vendor: Craddock and Barnard, London
Hind 46.30 before i/iv, Giesecke passim; Focillon 52.743; Wilton-Ely I.213.170; Robison Prologmena 180-85
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