Chimneypiece in the Egyptian style, from Diverse Maniere d'adornare i cammini (...) (Different Ways of ornamenting chimneypieces and all other parts of houses)
Diverse Maniere d'adornare i cammini ed ogni altra parte degli edifizi desunte all'architettura Egizia, Etrusca, e Greca con un Ragionamento apologetico in defesa dell'Architettura Egizia, e Toscana, opera del Cavaliere Giambattista Piranesi Architetto
Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian, Mogliano Veneto 1720–1778 Rome)
Sheet: 15 3/4 x 21 9/16 in. (40 x 54.7 cm)
Plate: 9 13/16 x 15 1/4 in. (25 x 38.7 cm)
Prints, Ornament & Architecture
The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1973
Not on view
The lengthy essay that opens the 'Diverse maniere' is dedicated to Cardinal Rezzonico, nephew of Pope Clement XIII and one of Piranesi's ardent supporters, but is clearly intended for a wide audience, given the parallel texts in Italian, English, and French. Whereas the 'Antichità Romane' was a scholarly work, directed to antiquarians and architects, this publication is addressed primarily to designers, encouraging them to follow Piranesi's lead in giving their imagination free reign. Piranesi states forthrightly that an artist should not merely copy but instead "ought to show himself of an inventive, and I had almost said, of a Creating Genius ..." Here Piranesi draws on three decades of study of Roman ornament to create new variants and bizarre combinations, but he also introduces the decorative vocabulary of Etruscan, Greek, and Egyptian art—appearing to revel particularly in the latter. Piranesi claimed that by combining these styles, modern designers could find their way to "new ornaments and new manners." Some of the fireplace designs illustrated in this publication, many of which incorporate ancient relief sculpture, were executed for British clients and still survive. Piranesi is also known to have designed furniture for Cardinal Rezzonico.
Inscription: At lower left: 'Cavalier Piranei inv. ed inc.'
Vendor: Wynne R.H. Jeudwine (British, 1920–1984)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Cleopatra's Needle," December 2, 2013–June 8, 2014.
Focillon 884; Hind 86; Wilton-Ely II.942.869
Arthur M. Hind Giovanni Battista Piranesi: A Critical Study of his Published Works and Detailed Catalogues of the Prisons and the Views of Rome. London, 1922, cat. no. 86.
Henri Focillon Giovanni-Battista Piranesi essai de catalogue raisonné de son oeuvre. Paris, 1964, cat. no. 884.
John Wilton-Ely Giovanni Battista Piranesi: The Complete Etchings. Alan Wofsy, San Francisco, 1994, cat. no. II.942.869.
Artist: Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian, Mogliano Veneto 1720–1778 Rome)Date: ca. 1777Medium: Red chalk over black chalk or charcoal with partly ruled construction; sheet glued onto secondary paper supportAccession: 1994.20On view in:Not on view
Artist: Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian, Mogliano Veneto 1720–1778 Rome)Date: ca. 1749–50Medium: Etching, engraving, drypoint; second state of seven (Robison)Accession: 37.45.3(41)On view in:Not on view