This tiny album was made for inclusion in a “treasure box,” one of the elaborate containers of precious objects that were favorites of the Qianlong Emperor (r. 1736–95) of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). Albums were particularly well-suited to satisfying Qianlong’s love of miniatures, but court painters like Zhang Zongcang were also required to produce tiny handscrolls for treasure boxes.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (1 column in standard script; on Leaf H):
Zhang Zongcang, your servitor, respectfully painted.
Artist's double seal
Zongcang 宗蒼 (Leaf H)
Unidentified artist, 1 column in clerical script, undated (engraved on wooden cover and rubbed with gold pigment):