Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Charles II

Etcher:
Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, Prague 1607–1677 London)
Artist:
After Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, Antwerp 1599–1641 London)
Sitter:
Charles, Prince of Wales (London 1630–1685 London)
Date:
1649
Medium:
Etching; thirde state of six (NH)
Dimensions:
Sheet: 10 in. × 7 5/16 in. (25.4 × 18.6 cm) cut on the platemark
Classification:
Prints
Credit Line:
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1917
Accession Number:
17.3.985
Not on view
Portrait of Charles II as a boy, three-quarter length, wearing flat lace-edged collar, coat and sword, gloves. He leans on a baton and holds a hat. Behind is a view of the Banqueting House, Whitehall; based on an earlier portrait by Van Dyck. The print was published in 1649, following the execution of Charles I, when the subject was nineteen and leading Royalist troops in the English Civil War. He would only be crowned (and officially assume the titles in the engraved text below the image) in 1660, following the Commonwealth, and Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell.
Inscription: Lettered with one line of Latin below the portrait: ' Carlvs II. D.G: Magnæ Britanniæ Fra.ciæ et Hiberniæ Rex etc. natius A.o 1630.' Lettered with production details in lower margin: 'Hanc Maiestatis suæ Effigiem ab Antonio van Dycke Equite sic. prius depictam Aqua forti æri insculpsit.', 'Ant: van Dycke pinxit.', 'Humillimus Cliens Wenceslaus Hollar, Boh: Anno 1649.' and 'W: Hollar fecit.' and 'Io. Meyssens excudit.'

Marking: Unidentified collector's mark verso
Pennington 1442 iv/vii; New Hollstein (Hollar part IV) 1064 III/VI
Freeman O'Donoghue Catalogue of Engraved British Portraits Preserved in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum. vols. 1-5, London, 1908–22, cat. no. 4.

Richard Pennington A Descriptive Catalogue of the Etched Work of Wenceslaus Hollar, 1607-1677. Cambridge, 1982, cat. no. 1442 iv/vii.

Simon Turner Wenceslaus Hollar: New Hollstein German engravings, etchings and woodcuts, 1400-1700. Giulia Bartrum, vols. 1-9, 2009–2012, cat. no. 1064.



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