Hercules defeating the river god Acheolus in the form of a bull, with three women to his left holding cornucopias, from a series of six engravings of Herculean Subjects
Six engravings of Herculean Subjects
Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio (Italian, Parma or Verona ca. 1500/1505–1565 Krakow (?))
After Rosso Fiorentino (Italian, Florence 1494–1540 Fontainebleau)
Sheet (trimmed to platemark): 8 3/8 × 6 15/16 in. (21.3 × 17.7 cm)
The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1949
Not on view
This engraving is one of a series of the six feats of Hercules commissioned from Rosso and Caraglio by Baviero de' Carocci, who had been Raphael's printing assistant. When the river god Achelous fought with Hercules for the hand of Deianeira, daughter of a king of Calydon, he took refuge in his ability to change form and turned himself into a bull, whereupon Hercules wrestled him to the ground and ripped off one of his horns. Ovid's account of the story (Metamorphoses 9.1–88) concludes with the naiads filling the horn with fruit and flowers to create the first cornucopia, as shown here.
Marking: On verso at lower right in ink: unidentified collector's mark (Lugt 1240b) On verso at lower right: Collector's stamp of Jules Michelin (Lugt 1490)
Jules Michelin; Vendor: Rockman Prints (New York)
B.XV.86.48; TIB commentary 28 [XV] 2802.048
Adam von Bartsch Le Peintre graveur. Vienna, 1803, cat. no. XV.86.48, 86.
Artist: Cameo by Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio (Italian, Parma or Verona ca. 1500/1505–1565 Krakow (?))Date: ca. 1530–40, and 19th centuryMedium: Sardonyx, with inlaid gold and silver details; mounted in 19th century as a pendant in gold, with enamel, pearl and rubyAccession: 17.190.869On view in:Gallery 536