Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Minerva and the Muses

Former Attribution:
Formerly attributed to Andrea Schiavone (Andrea Meldola) (Italian, Zadar (Zara) ca. 1510?–1563 Venice)
Date:
n.d.
Medium:
Etching and drypoint
Dimensions:
Plate: 8 11/16 × 6 1/2 in. (22.1 × 16.5 cm)
Classification:
Prints
Credit Line:
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1927
Accession Number:
27.78.2(99)
Not on view
The Muses, daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne (Memory), are mentioned by the Greek poets Hesiod and Homer as sources of inspiration for poets and musicians. Ovid (Metamorphoses 5.250–678) tells us that when Minerva (the Greek Athena) visited the sisters to see the miraculous fountain created by Pegasus, they told her about their victory over the nine daughters of the Macedonian king Pierus in a singing competition. Some of the Muses in this etching point upward, perhaps to the defeated Pierides, who were transformed into magpies.
This etching was formerly attributed to Andrea Schiavone, yet the closed contours, rounded forms, and sweet, soft faces of the women are not found in any of his other works.
Inscription: verso: P. Mariette 1671
Pierre Mariette le fils (French, Paris 1634–1716 Paris); Pierre Jean Mariette (French, Paris 1694–1774 Paris)
Bartsch XVI.68.79; TIB 32 p.106 n.79; rejected by Richardson p.109 n.D133 [not Falcone]
Adam von Bartsch Le Peintre graveur. Vienna, 1803, cat. no. XVI.68.79.

TIB The Illustrated Bartsch. Abaris Books, 1978–, cat. no. 32.106.79, p. 106.



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