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Satyrs and Nymphs

Artist:
Joseph Heintz the Elder (Swiss, Basel 1564–1609 Prague)
Date:
ca. 1599
Medium:
Pen and black ink, brush and black washes, red chalk, heightened with white bodycolor, black chalk underdrawing
Dimensions:
Sheet: 9 1/4 x 12 5/8 in. (23.5 x 32 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Purchase, 2006 Benefit Fund, 2007
Accession Number:
2007.174
Not on view
This drawing is a rare and outstanding example of Joseph Heintz the Elder's mature and most elaborate drawing style. Related to one of Heintz's most important paintings, made in 1599, probably for Emperor Rudolf II (Alte Pinakothek, Munich), the sheet is typical of the work of artists active at Rudolf's Prague court, who favored complex compositions with many figures in distorted positions and mythological subjects, often of a slightly lascivious nature. Combining fluent yet expressive pen lines, carefully applied heightening with white body color, red chalk, and washes, Heintz masterfully succeeded in adapting his composition to an oval form. Although there seems to be no direct literary source for the subject of this drawing and the corresponding painting, it has been connected to the story of Pan and Syrinx in Ovid's Metamorphoses.
Inscription: At lower left, inscribed "Fiamingo" in graphite (19th- or 20th-century handwriting); to the right, inscribed "127" in blue pencil, changed into "128" with purple pencil (20th-century handwriting); at lower center, inscribed "199" in graphite (20th-century handwriting); below, inscribed "Auct: Kuppitsch|W. 16/11 71.|No 471|f 3.10." in graphite (19th-century handwriting); at lower right, inscribed "Dr. A. Schubert|1939" in graphite (20th-century handwriting).

Marking: At lower left, the collector's mark of Adalbert von Lanna (Lugt 2773);
at lower right, the collector's mark of A. Schubert (not in Lugt; "Dr. A.S." in a rectangle, stamped in blue).
August Sträter (1810–1897); H. G. Gutekunst, Stuttgart, May 10-14, 1898; his sale, H. G. Gutekunst, Stuttgart, May 11-22, 1909 (part of no. 199); Van Ham Kunstauktionen (Cologne), November 16-18, 2005, lot 1087; Adalbert Freiherr von Lanna; Vendor: Galerie Arnoldi-Livie (Munich)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Dürer and Beyond: Early Central European Drawings in New York Collections," April 3, 2012–September 3, 2012.

Stijn Alsteens, Carmen C. Bambach, Constance C. McPhee, Nadine Orenstein, Perrin Stein "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2006-2007." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 65, no. 2, New York, Fall 2007, pp. 21-21.

Jürgen Zimmer "Addenda - Weiter Zeichnungen von Joseph Heintz = Addenda: Joseph Heintz További Rajzai." Bulletin du Musée hongrois des beaux-arts = Bulletin a Szépmuvészeti Múzeum közleményei. vols. 106-107, Budapest, 2007, cat. no. 16W3, fig. no. 16, pp. 86, 247, ill.

Stijn Alsteens, Freyda Spira Dürer and Beyond: Central European Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1400-1700 Exh. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2012, cat. 66 (entry written by Stijn Alsteens); p. xi, xiv (introduction written by Stijn Alsteens); p. 171, under cat. 77, ill.



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