London from Greenwich (Liber Studiorum, part V, plate 26)
Designed and etched by Joseph Mallord William Turner (British, London 1775–1851 London)
Charles Turner (British, Woodstock, Oxfordshire 1774–1857 London)
Joseph Mallord William Turner (British, London 1775–1851 London)
January 1, 1811
Etching and mezzotint; first state of four
plate: 7 x 10 9/16 in. (17.8 x 26.8 cm)
sheet: 8 1/4 x 11 1/2 in. (21 x 29.2 cm)
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1928
Not on view
Turner distilled his ideas about landscape In "Liber Studiorum" (Latin for Book of Studies), a series of seventy prints plus a frontispiece published between 1807 and 1819. To establish the compositions, he made brown watercolor drawings, then etched outlines onto copper plates. Professional engravers usually developed the tone under Turner's direction, and Charles Turner here added mezzotint to detail a vista of London from Greenwich Park. The paired cupolas of the Royal Naval College mark the edge of the Thames, which loops west toward the city where the dome of St. Paul's echoes their forms, both great works by Sir Christopher Wren. At the base of the hill, Inigo Jones's elegantly Vitruvian Queen's House, regarded as the first fully classical building in England, introduces Turner's category of Architectural Landscape, indicated by the letter "A" in the upper margin.
Signature: in plate: "Drawn & Etched by J. M. W. Turner R A P P / Engraved by C. Turner"
Inscription: in plate, above image: "A"; below: "Picture in the Possession of Walter Fawkes, Esq. of Farnley / Published Jan-y 1. 1811 by Mr. Turner, Queen Ann Street West"
Vendor: P. & D. Colnaghi & Co.
Finberg 26 i/iv; Rawlinson 26 i/iii
William George Rawlinson Turner's Liber Studiorum: A Description and A Catalogue. Macmillan & Co., 2nd ed. London, 1906, cat. no. 26 i/iii, pp. 67-8.
Alexander Joseph Finberg The History of Turner's Liber Studiorum, with a new catalogue raisonné. Ernest Benn Limited, London, 1924, cat. no. 26 i/iv, pp. 102-4.
Diane Perkins, Ian Warrell Turner and Architecture, exh. cat., Tate Gallery, London. London, 1988, cat. no. 18, p. 12.
Gillian Forrester Turner's 'Drawing Book': The Liber Studiorum, exh. cat., London, Tate Gallery, 20 February–2 June. London, 1996, illustrates: two related watercolors, ca. 1808-9 (Tate Britain and Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester), related oil painting, exh. 1809 (Tate Britain), related graphite drawing (Tate Britain), and first published state, 1811, cat. no. 26, pp. 75-6.
Michael Botwinick, Bartholomew W. Bland, Laura L. Vookles, Geoff Snell, Pat Hardy, Tara Dawson The Panoramic River: The Hudson and the Thames. Exh. cat., February 2 to May 19. Hudson River Museum, 2013, fig. no. 23, pp. 49, 186.