Designed and etched by Joseph Mallord William Turner (British, London 1775–1851 London)
Robert Dunkarton (British, 1744–1811)
Joseph Mallord William Turner (British, London 1775–1851 London)
June 1, 1811
Etching and mezzotint; first state of three
plate: 7 1/16 x 10 5/16 in. (17.9 x 26.2 cm)
sheet: 8 1/8 x 11 1/2 in. (20.6 x 29.2 cm)
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1928
Not on view
Turner distilled his ideas about landscape In "Liber Studiorum" (Latin for Book of Studies), a series of seventy prints plus a frontispiece published between 1807 and 1819.To establish the compositions, he made brown watercolor drawings, then etched outlines onto copper plates. Professional engravers usually developed the tone under Turner's direction, and Dunkerton here added mezzotint to describe boys gathered near a pond, likely in Marylebone Fields (later developed into Regent's Park). One holds a fishing rod, another a watering can, and a third examines a bottle. Coats and hats are piled at left and minnows scattered on the ground as another boy fishes near a large house. The letter "P" in the upper margin indicates Turner's category of Pastoral landscape and, by representing a still rural corner of London, the artist comments on London's rapid urbanization.
Signature: in plate: "Drawn & Etched by I. M. W. Turner / Engraved by R. Dunkarton"
Inscription: in plate, above image: "P"; below: "Published June 1. 1811 by I. M. W. Turner, Queen Ann Street West"
Vendor: P. & D. Colnaghi & Co.
Finberg 32 i/iii; Rawlinson 32 i/iii
William George Rawlinson Turner's Liber Studiorum: A Description and A Catalogue. Macmillan & Co., 2nd ed. London, 1906, cat. no. 32 i/iii, p. 80.
Alexander Joseph Finberg The History of Turner's Liber Studiorum, with a new catalogue raisonné. Ernest Benn Limited, London, 1924, cat. no. 32 i/iii, pp. 126-8.
Gillian Forrester Turner's 'Drawing Book': The Liber Studiorum, exh. cat., London, Tate Gallery, 20 February–2 June. London, 1996, illustrates: related watercolor, ca. 1808 (Tate Britain), and first published state, 1811, cat. no. 32, p. 91.