Christ and the Woman of Samaria (Liber Studiorum, part XIV, plate 71)
Designed and etched by Joseph Mallord William Turner (British, London 1775–1851 London)
Samuel William Reynolds, the elder (British, London 1773–1835 London)
Joseph Mallord William Turner (British, London 1775–1851 London)
January 1, 1819
Etching and mezzotint; fifth state of five (Finberg)
plate: 7 1/4 x 10 3/8 in. (18.4 x 26.4 cm)
sheet: 8 1/4 x 11 7/16 in. (21 x 29.1 cm)
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1928
Not on view
Turner distilled his ideas about landscape In "Liber Studiorum" (Latin for Book of Studies), a series of seventy prints plus a frontispiece published between 1807 and 1819. To establish the compositions, he made brown watercolor drawings, then etched outlines onto copper plates. Professional engravers usually developed the tone under Turner's direction and Reynolds here added mezzotint to describe a scene from the Gospel of John 4:4-26, where Jesus encounters a Samitarian woman by a well. After asking for a drink, he reveals that his teachings offers sustenance of a different type. Approaching figures on the road represent the disciples returning from town with food, while the classical setting derives from a work by Poussin, and the letter "H" in the upper margin places the work within Turner's category of Historical landscape.
Signature: in plate: "Drawn & Etched by I..M.W. Turner Esq R.A.P.P. / Engraved by S. W. Reynolds"
Inscription: in plate, above image: "H"; below: "Pub. Jan. 1. 1819. by I. M. W. Turner Queen Anne Street West"
Vendor: P. & D. Colnaghi & Co.
Finberg 71 v/v; Rawlinson 71 iii/iii
William George Rawlinson Turner's Liber Studiorum: A Description and A Catalogue. Macmillan & Co., 2nd ed. London, 1906, cat. no. 71 iii/iii, p. 166.
Alexander Joseph Finberg The History of Turner's Liber Studiorum, with a new catalogue raisonné. Ernest Benn Limited, London, 1924, cat. no. 71 v/v, pp. 282-4.
Diane Perkins Turner: The Third Decade, exh. cat., Tate Gallery, London. 1990, cat. no. 8, p. 24.
Gillian Forrester Turner's 'Drawing Book': The Liber Studiorum, exh. cat., London, Tate Gallery, 20 February–2 June. London, 1996, Illustrates: related watercolor, ca. 1808 (Tate Britain), and third published stae, 1819, cat. no. 71, pp. 132-3.