Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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清 朱耷 (八大山人) 二鷹圖 軸
Two eagles

Artist:
Bada Shanren (Zhu Da) (Chinese, 1626–1705)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
dated 1702
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 73 3/4 x 35 1/2 in. (187.3 x 90.2 cm) Overall with mounting: 122 3/4 x 42 1/2 in. (311.8 x 108 cm) Overall with knobs: 122 3/4 x 46 1/2 in. (311.8 x 118.1 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Oscar L. Tang Family, 2014
Accession Number:
2014.721
Not on view
After decades spent concealing his identity as a descendant of the Ming royal house, Bada Sharen, at the age of seventy-six, seems in this forceful depiction of eagles to be declaring his proud defiance of Manchu Qing rule. There is no immediate precedent for such imagery; instead, the painting harks back to the powerful representations of eagles and hawks created by the early Ming court artist Lin Liang (ca. 1416–1480). Lin's heroic birds are emblems of strength and courage suitable for presentation to military officials. Bada, a fervent Ming loyalist, has personalized this imagery, transforming the conventional symbolism into an expression of brave confrontation and unfaltering loyalty, his noble birds standing sentinel over a landscape now occupied by foreign conquerors
Inscription: Artist's inscription and signature (1 column in semi-cursive script):

Painted on the day after the full moon in the third lunar month of the renwu year [April 12, 1702], Bada Shanren.

壬午三月既望寫。八大山人

Artist's seals

八大山人
何園
真賞

Label strip

Unidentified artist, 1 column in clerical script, undated:

雪個道人 《靈鷲圖》,神品。

Collectors' seals

Hu Boxuan 胡伯宣 (dates unknown)
居鄛胡集祉堂珍藏之印
胡氏伯宣珍藏

Wang Jiqian 王季遷 (C. C. Wang, 1907–2003)
王氏季遷珍藏之印
王季遷氏審定真跡
Oscar L. Tang
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