Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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元 張遜 石上松花圖 軸
Rocky Landscape with Pines

Artist:
Zhang Xun (Chinese, ca. 1295–after 1349)
Period:
Yuan dynasty (1271–1368)
Date:
before 1346
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink on silk
Dimensions:
Image: 35 3/4 × 16 3/4 in. (90.8 × 42.5 cm) Overall with mounting: 76 5/8 × 22 3/4 in. (194.6 × 57.8 cm) Overall with knobs: 76 5/8 × 26 1/8 in. (194.6 × 66.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Ex coll.: C. C. Wang Family, Gift of Oscar L. Tang Family, 2008
Accession Number:
2008.673
Not on view
A native of Suzhou, Zhang Xun maintained a peripatetic existence, supporting himself through tutoring and painting. Contemporaries note that he was widely learned, good at literary compositions, and an excellent calligrapher; in painting, he followed tenth-century prototypes, painting bamboo in the outline drawing method and landscapes in the manner of Juran (active ca. 960–95).

Adhering strictly to tenth-century models, this landscape in the Juran mode is uncompromisingly austere and abstract. Written when Zhang was about fifty, the poem echoes the melancholy of the uninhabited landscape:

On the rocky [landscape] pine blossoms fall and bloom again.
The mountain Ailanthus, useless [for its timber], has grown
to full size.
No cart has ever reached this woodcutter's path.
Now with hair gray, I have passed fifty years in vain.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (3 columns in standard script)

石上松花落又開,
山樗無用亦成材。
蒲輪不到樵人徑,
白髮徒過五十來。
張遜

Artist's seal

Zhang Xun siyin 張遜私印

Inscriptions on the Painting

1. Li Zuan 李纘 (active mid-14th century), 2 columns in standard script, undated:

層巒聚礬石,雲木中蔽芾。
自非僧巨然,孰識用筆意。
李纘

2. Ni Zan 倪瓚 (1306–1374), 4 columns in standard script, dated 1346:

隔浦林巒映暮霞,縈紆溪足聚圓沙。
青鞋布襪何年始,往問雲門與若耶。
余既以此畫贈仲文,併賦其上。句吳倪瓚,至正六年八月十二日

Label strip

Unidentified artist, 1 column in standard script, undated:

元張遜 《石上松花圖》,神品

Collectors’ seals

Wang Jiqian 王季遷 (C. C. Wang, 1907–2003)
震澤王氏寶武堂圖書記

Unidentified
思古

Illegible: 1
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