Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

明 沈周 , 文徵明 合璧山水圖 卷
Joint Landscape

Artist:
Shen Zhou (Chinese, 1427–1509)
Artist:
Wen Zhengming (Chinese, 1470–1559)
Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
ca. 1509 and 1546
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 14 1/2 x 56 ft., 8 5/6 in. (36.8 x 1729.3 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Purchase, The Dillon Fund Gift, 1990
Accession Number:
1990.54
Not on view
Shen Zhou, the quintessential Ming scholar-amateur painter, preferred to live in retirement rather than risk the vicissitudes of government service. He devoted much of his later life to an exploration of the brush style of the fourteenth-century recluse-painter Wu Zhen. Shen's painting epitomizes the scholar-amateur tradition of self-expression; by depicting the interior world of the mind and heart, it embodies the essence of Chinese artistic striving. The painting's imagery is about private places: secluded dwellings hidden in the heart of the landscape. Shen's calligraphic brushwork, like handwriting, subtly conveys the writer's mind and personality. Shen's most ambitious landscape composition—the scroll is over fifty-six feet long—it shows the artist systematically reinterpreting Wu Zhen's brush idiom while striving for a new compositional monumentality.

The painting remained incomplete at Shen Zhou's death. In 1546 it was rediscovered by Shen's illustrious pupil Wen Zhengming, who added finishing touches. Wen's inscription recounts: "The composition was already fully realized, but the dotting and washing had not been completed. I, his student, have now finished it. But consider my clumsy effort, how could I add to this 'sable tail'!"
Inscription: Artist's inscription and signature (25 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1546)

王君虞卿嘗得石田沈公畫卷聯楮十有一幅,長六十尺,意匠已成(具)而點染未就。以徵明嘗從游門下,俾為足之。自顧拙劣,烏足為貂尾之繼哉。憶自弘治己酉[1489]謁公雙娥僧舍,觀公作《長江萬里圖》,意頗歆會。公笑曰:“此余從來業障,君何用為之,蓋不欲其藝事得名也。”然相從之久,未嘗不為余盡大意,謂畫法以意匠經營為主,然必氣運生動為妙,意匠易及,而氣運別有三昧,非可言傳。他日題徵明所作荊、關小幅云“莫把荊、關論畫法,文章胸次有江山”褒許雖過,實寓不滿之意。及是五十年,公歿既久,時人乃稱余善畫,謂庶幾可以繼公,正昔人所謂無佛處稱尊也。此卷意匠之妙,在公可無遺恨,若夫氣運,徵明何有焉。嘉靖丙午四月望後學文徵明識,時年七十有七。


Artist’s seals

文徵明印
停雲舘


Frontispiece

Weng Tonghe 翁同龢 (1830–1904), 3 columns in large clerical script and 1 column in small clerical script, datable to after 1900; 2 seals:

沈、文兩先生合作長卷。常熟翁同龢珍藏。 [印]:松禪居士、翁同龢七十嵗以後書


Colophons

1. Weng Tonghe 翁同龢 (1830–1904), 11 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1903; 1 seal:

此卷出石田翁手者十之七、八,停雲特補完之耳。耕石齋所刊沈集附錄中著此畫,並鄧跋亦載入,蓋錢、瞿兩公所矜賞者也。王氏虞卿于邑志無徵,藏印有孫藩孝維者,西川後人朝肅之次子也。輾轉流傳,竟入余篋,懷芬仰潔,實深先民之思。癸卯冬松禪記。 [印]:翁瓶生

2. Deng Fu 鄧韍 (active mid-16th c.),24 columns in standard script, dated 1546; 1 seal:

書之與畫同一法,二者功深而有得;至於得筆,可謂難矣;又進而格韻高雅,斯尤難也。然格韻係人品之超邁、性情之沖曠、問學之通博。古稱士之名世者必曉畫,雖有不曉者,蓋鮮謂格與韻也。近代畫法在吳中而歸于石田沈先生,于其製,每以韻格觀之。先生高蹈湖山之間,又有文行,畫其餘事。四十年來,吾意此道絕矣,而衡山文先生起,其望與之並顯,所以重其畫者同也。此溪山長卷為石田未卒之業,海虞王先生虞卿購得之,藏之數十年,請衡山為之補筆,佈置敷染,各備妙理,海圖文繡,破坼不見補綴之跡,君特請予題。其(點去)博雅好古,計其所蓄之富,無逾于此。予之迂拙,每見畫之佳筆,其神恆入毫素,忽觀此幅,真在山陰道中,聞松風水聲,應接不暇也。丙午仲夏韍題于紫琳山堂。 [印]:鄧韍文度氏

3. Sun Yijing 孫詒經 (1826–1890), 5 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1880:

光緒庚辰七夕,宛平邵亨豫汴生、錢塘朱智敏生、壽陽祁世長子禾、番禹許應騤筠庵、壽州孫家鼐燮臣、錢塘孫詒經同觀。詒經字子授,是日觀畢,援筆記之。

4. Weng Tonghe 翁同龢 (1830–1904), 6 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1878; 2 seals:

丁丑[1877]十月見此卷于海上,罄囊中百金不能得。明年始購來,乃吾虞一段故事,非特賞鋻家物也。它日重裝當詳跋之。戊寅除夕虞山翁同龢題記。 [印]:同龢印、叔平


Collectors' seals

Cai Qi 蔡琦 (17th c.)
三韓蔡琦書畫之章
魏公真賞(十一鈐)

Chen Xun 陳勛 (17th c.)
梅溪
采軒真賞(三鈐)

Sun Fan孫藩 (Qing dynasty, 1644–1911)
虞山慈封孫氏傳經私記(二鈐)
孫二痴(二鈐)
虞山孫藩燕玉氏之印(八鈐)
虞山孫氏慈封丙舍圖書
主司共邑舊家
慈封丙舍(十一鈐)
會稽内史孫(七鈐)
孝維(二鈐)

Wu Kaizhi 吳開治 (Qing dynasty, 1644–1911)
吳開治印
一草亭
尊聞齋圖書記
漢陽吳氏藏書畫印記(二鈐)
吳梅溪氏鋻定

Weng Tonghe 翁同龢 (1830–1904)
常熟翁同龢摩挲審定
叔平畫鋻

Weng Wange 翁萬戈 (Wan-go Weng, 1918–)
翁萬戈鋻賞
翁萬戈藏(三鈐)
Related Objects

Anchorage on a Rainy Night

Artist: Shen Zhou (Chinese, 1427–1509) Date: dated 1477 Medium: Hanging scroll; ink on paper Accession: L.2001.85.1 On view in:Not on view

Landscape with Autumn Foliage

Artist: Attributed to Shen Zhou (Chinese, 1427–1509) Medium: Album leaf; ink and color on paper Accession: 69.131.9 On view in:Not on view

Landscape with Four Pines

Artist: In the style of Shen Zhou (Chinese, 1427–1509) Medium: Album leaf mounted as a hanging scroll; ink and color on paper Accession: 68.212.1 On view in:Not on view

Marsh Scene with Birds

Artist: Attributed to Shen Zhou (Chinese, 1427–1509) Medium: Handscroll; ink on paper Accession: 47.18.7 On view in:Not on view

Landscape with Man Crossing Bridge

Artist: Attributed to Shen Zhou (Chinese, 1427–1509) Medium: Album leaf; ink and color on paper Accession: 69.131.11 On view in:Not on view