Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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清 王翬 倣李成雪霽圖 軸 紙本
Snow Clearing: Landscape after Li Cheng

Artist:
Wang Hui (Chinese, 1632–1717)
Calligrapher:
Inscribed by Wang Hui (Chinese, 1632–1717)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
dated 1669
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 44 3/8 x 14 1/8 in. (112.7 x 35.9 cm) Overall with mounting: 89 1/4 x 20 7/8 in. (226.7 x 53 cm) Overall with knobs: 89 1/4 x 24 1/8 in. (226.7 x 61.3 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Ex coll.: C. C. Wang Family, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Morse, in honor of Professor Wen Fong, 1978
Accession Number:
1978.13
Not on view
Defying the dictum of the authoritative theorist Dong Qichang (1555–1636) that "in painting it is better to be descriptively obscure rather than to be obvious," Wang Hui regarded calligraphic abstraction and mimetic representation as "the two wings of a bird." Inspired by Li Cheng's (919–967) descriptive idiom of jagged rock formations and spiky "crab-claw" wintry trees, which demand representational skill as well as calligraphic discipline, Wang's perfectly controlled lyrical composition—a snowscape of enchanted stillness-celebrates the beauty of nature.

Painted for Zhou Lianggong (1612–1672), a high-ranking official who was facing unjust charges of corruption, Wang's choice of the Li Cheng style was significant. Li's winter landscapes had long been viewed as emblems of survival in the face of adversity, so Wang's painting may be read as an expression of sympathy and encouragement.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (2 columns in standard script)

On the twenty-second day of xiaochun [the tenth lunar month] in the jiyou year [November 15, 1669], just before setting out for Boxia [Nanjing] and while my boat was anchored at Piling [Changzhou, Jiangsu], I painted this Snow Clearing, after Li Cheng under candlelight. The Mountain Man of Mount Wumu, Master Stone Valley, Wang Hui inscribed.[1]

歲次己酉小春念二日,臨發白下,舟泊毘陵,剪燭作李成《雪霽圖》。烏目山人石谷子王翬識。

Artist's seals

Wumu Shanqiao 烏目山樵
Wang Hui zhi yin 王翬之印

Collectors' seals

Wang Jiqian 王季遷 (C. C. Wang, 1907–2003)
Wang Jiqian haiwai suojian mingji 王季遷海外所見名跡

Mu Si 穆思 (Earl Morse, 1908–1988)
Mu Si zhencang 穆思珍藏
Mu Si shoucang mingji 穆思收藏名跡 (on mounting)

Unidentified
Zhu xue nan sheng 竹雪南生
Songjiang Li shi Zhongji zhencang yin 松江李氏中及珍藏印
Yinlü Xuan shuhua yin 蔭綠軒書畫印

[1] Translation from Department records.
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