Art/ Collection/ Art Object

南宋 佚名 別苑春山圖 卷
Retreats in the Spring Hills

Unidentified Artist
Song dynasty (960–1279)
first half of the 12th century
Handscroll; ink and color on silk
Image: 10 5/16 in. × 9 ft. 4 13/16 in. (26.2 × 286.5 cm) Overall with mounting: 10 1/2 in. × 26 ft. 9 5/8 in. (26.7 × 816.9 cm)
Credit Line:
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number:
Not on view
Retreats in the Spring Hills is datable stylistically to the early twelfth century, when artists began to experiment with archaic styles, including the "blue-and-green" landscape manner first made popular in the seventh century. In the twelfth-century revival, the flat blue-and-green color scheme was used to evoke feelings of an antique Golden Age. Artists adopted this style to create dreamlike visions of idyllic mountain retreats or Daoist paradises, in contrast to the naturalistic, predominantly monochromatic landscape depictions of the tenth and eleventh centuries.
Inscription: Colophon:
Zhao Yen (active early 14th century), 7 lines in regular script with 1 seal.

Label: Unidentified, 1 line in regular script.

Marking: Collectors' seals:
Southern Song Emperor(?), 1 seal
Zhu Gang, Prince of Jin (1358–1398), 1 seal
Liang Qingbiao (1620–1691), 5 seals
Gao Zhiqi (1645–1704), 3 seals
Qianlong Emperor (r. 1736–95), 3 seals
Jiaqing Emperor (r. 1796–1820), 1 seal
Xuantong Emperor (r. 1909–11), 2 seals
Unidentified, 2 seals
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