Image: 10 5/16 in. × 9 ft. 4 13/16 in. (26.2 × 286.5 cm)
Overall with mounting: 10 1/2 in. × 26 ft. 9 5/8 in. (26.7 × 816.9 cm)
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Not on view
Retreats in the Spring Hills is datable stylistically to the early twelfth century, when artists began to experiment with archaic styles, including the "blue-and-green" landscape manner first made popular in the seventh century. In the twelfth-century revival, the flat blue-and-green color scheme was used to evoke feelings of an antique Golden Age. Artists adopted this style to create dreamlike visions of idyllic mountain retreats or Daoist paradises, in contrast to the naturalistic, predominantly monochromatic landscape depictions of the tenth and eleventh centuries.
Inscription: Colophon: Zhao Yen (active early 14th century), 7 lines in regular script with 1 seal.
Label: Unidentified, 1 line in regular script.
Marking: Collectors' seals: Southern Song Emperor(?), 1 seal Zhu Gang, Prince of Jin (1358–1398), 1 seal Liang Qingbiao (1620–1691), 5 seals Gao Zhiqi (1645–1704), 3 seals Qianlong Emperor (r. 1736–95), 3 seals Jiaqing Emperor (r. 1796–1820), 1 seal Xuantong Emperor (r. 1909–11), 2 seals Unidentified, 2 seals