Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

南宋 高宗 草書天山陰雨七絕詩 團扇
Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain

Artist:
Emperor Gaozong (Chinese, 1107–1187, r. 1127–1162)
Period:
Song dynasty (960–1279)
Date:
after 1162
Culture:
China
Medium:
Fan mounted as album leaf; ink on silk
Dimensions:
9 1/4 x 9 5/8 in. (23.5 x 24.4 cm)
Classification:
Calligraphy
Credit Line:
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number:
1989.363.6
Not on view
In 1162, at the age of fifty-five, Gaozong retired from the throne to devote his final years to the arts, especially the study of calligraphy. He began by following the styles of Huang Tingjian (1045–1105) and Mi Fu (1052–1107) but in his later years concen-trated on the works of Wang Xizhi (ca. 303–ca. 361) and other pre-Tang masters whose works he was able to collect and study firsthand. This fan clearly dates after 1162; written in the Wang style, it bears a seal with the name of Gaozong's retirement palace, Virtuous Longevity.

The poem, laden with occult and astrological references, reads in part:

Dark [. . .] from Heavenly Mountain divides the turbid and the vast.
Ministered by the second hexagram, the elixir pours in a liquid jade.
As I stand at the north-northeast and the south-southwest gates of the compass,
I see the flash of rosy lights, ten thousand feet in the air.
Inscription: Artist's inscription (4 columns in cursive script)

Dark [word missing] from Heavenly Mountain divides the turbid and the vast.
Ministered by the second hexagram, the elixir pours in a liquid jade.
As I stand at the north-northeast and the south-southwest gates of the compass,
I see the flash of rosy lights, ten thousand feet in the air.[1]

天山陰囗判混茫,
二爻調鼎灌瓊漿。
試來丑未門邊立,
迸出霞光萬丈長。

Artist’s seals

Deshou Xianren 德壽閑人
Kangtai Hou yin 康泰侯印

Collectors' seals

Geng Zhaozhong 耿昭忠 (1640–1686)
Zhenshang 真賞
Xingong zhenshang 信公珍賞
Qinshu Tang 琴書堂
Qianshan Geng Xingong 千山耿信公

Pan Zhengwei 潘正煒 (1791–1850)
Jitong shending 季彤審定

Pan Yanling 潘延齡 (19th c.)
Jian An yanfu 健庵眼福

Pan Shicheng 潘仕成 (1804–1873)
Haishan Xianguan zhuren 海山仙館主人

Xiang Hanping 香翰屏 (1890–1978)
Ceng cang Xiang shi Mengshi Lu 曾藏香氏夢詩廬

Gu Luofu 顧洛阜 (John M. Crawford, Jr., 1913–1988)
Gu Luofu 顧洛阜
Hanguang Ge 漢光閣

Unidentified
? shu (half seal) 囗書(半印)

[1] Translation from Wen C. Fong, Beyond Representation: Chinese Painting and Calligraphy 8th–14th Century, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992, p. 231.
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