南宋 佚名 呂洞賓過岳陽樓圖 團扇 The Immortal Lü Dongbin Appearing over the Yueyang Pavilion
Unidentified Artist Chinese, late 13th–early 14th century
Southern Song, Yuan or early Ming dynasty
late 13th–early 14th century
Fan mounted as an album leaf; ink and color on silk
Image: 9 3/8 × 9 7/8 in. (23.8 × 25.1 cm)
Mat: 15 × 15 in. (38.1 × 38.1 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1917
Not on view
This fan depicts the Daoist immortal Lü Dongbin hovering above the Yüeh-yang Lou, a famous pavilion on the east shore of Lake Dongting, in Hunan Province. During the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, the cult of Lü Dongbin flourished under the influence of the Quanzhen ("Perfect Realization") sect of Daoism. The center of the cult was the Yongle Gong (Temple of Eternal Joy) in Shanxi Province. The painting style of the figures and the architecture and landscape details of this fan relate closely to murals in Yongle Gong that date to the latter half of the Yüan period (1279–1368). Therefore, the cyclical date dingsi inscribed on the wall outside the pavilion in this picture probably corresponds to the year 1377.
Inscription: No artist’s inscription, signature, or seal
Pan Gongshou 潘恭壽 (1741–after 1800), 1 column in standard script, undated; 1 seal:
Lü Zhuo in the Northern Song dynasty.
北宋呂拙 [印]： 蓮樵鑑賞
Pan Gongshou 潘恭壽 (1741–after 1800) 蓮樵鑑賞
Pan Yanling 潘延齡 (19th c.) 潘延齡印
Ye Zhetian 葉蔗田 (19th c.) 葉蔗田珍賞章
Laiyuan & Company , 1917; sold to MMA]
New York. China Institute in America. "Album Leaves from the Song and Yuan Dynasties," March 26, 1970–May 30, 1970.
New York. China Institute in America. "Treasures from the Metropolitan Museum," October 24, 1979–January 27, 1980.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Text and Image: The Interaction of Painting, Poetry, and Calligraphy," January 23, 1999–August 16, 1999.
Art Institute of Chicago. "Taoism and the Arts of China," November 4, 2000–January 7, 2001.
Asian Art Museum of San Francisco. "Taoism and the Arts of China," February 21, 2001–May 13, 2001.
New York. China Institute in America. "West Lake and the Mapping of Southern Song Art," September 13, 2001–December 9, 2001.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Secular and Sacred: Scholars, Deities, and Immortals in Chinese Art," September 10, 2005–January 8, 2006.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Yuan Revolution: Art and Dynastic Change," August 21, 2010–January 9, 2011.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Gardens: Pavilions, Studios, Retreats," August 18, 2012–January 6, 2013.