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元 唐棣 滕王閣圖 卷
The Pavilion of Prince Teng

Artist:
Tang Di (Chinese, ca. 1287–1355)
Period:
Yuan dynasty (1271–1368)
Date:
dated 1352
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 10 13/16 x 33 1/4 in. (27.5 x 84.5 cm) Overall with mounting: 11 1/8 x 310 11/16 in. (28.3 x 789.1 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number:
1989.363.36
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 213
The Pavilion of Prince Teng demonstrates that Tang Di, a scholar and government official best known for his large-scale colored paintings on silk, was also capable of producing intimate, more informal ink drawings on paper. As he does in his monumental decorative style, Tang here follows the conservative brush idiom of the Northern Song master Guo Xi (ca. 1000–ca. 1090), though his relaxed calligraphic depiction of rocks, trees, and foliage reflects the early Yuan transformation of Song models by Tang Di's teacher, Zhao Mengfu (1254–1322). The pavilion, erected in the seventh century by the prince of Teng, is one of the most renowned buildings in Chinese history, thanks to the poet Wang Bo (649–676). It is situated near the confluence of the Gan and Yangzi Rivers in Jiangsi Province. Wang's poem, which contrasts the impermanence of human life with the endless flow of the river, has made the pavilion a favorite subject for painters. The large seals at the beginning of this scroll belong to Prince Yi (1686–1730), thirteenth son of the Kangxi emperor (r. 1662–1722).
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (2 columns in semi-cursive script)

The first decade of the eighth month in the renchen year of the Zhizheng era [1352] painted by Tang Di, Zihua, from Wuxing [in Zhejiang Province].

至正壬辰八月上澣吳興唐棣子華筆。

Artist's seal

Zihua 子華

Label strip

He Guanwu 何冠五 (active early 20th c.), 1 column in standard script, undated (mounted on brocade wrapper):

唐子華《滕王閣圖》卷,田溪書屋藏。

Frontispiece

Ye Gongchuo 葉恭綽 (1881–1968), 9 columns in standard script, dated 1940; 1 seal:

唐子華 《滕王閣圖》 真蹟
民國二十九年一月為冠五兄題。恭綽 [印]: 遐盦詞翰

Colophon

Zhang Daqian 張大千 (1899–1983), 8 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1940; 2 seals:

唐子華此卷士氣蔚然,絕去界畫窠臼,良由其胸次不同。遠師河陽,近效吳興,故能下筆安雅,有佩玉垂紳之度也。己卯十二月將再還蜀道出香澥,冠五三兄出示,因書其後。大千張爰 [印]:張爰、大千大利

Collectors' seals

Geng Zhaozhong 耿昭忠 (1640–1686)
琴書堂
信公父
千山耿信公書畫之章
字信公昭忠印

Yunxiang/Yinxiang允祥/胤祥 (1686–1730) or Hongxiao 弘曉 (1722–1778)
怡府藏書畫記
怡王覽書畫印
怡親王寶

Hongxiao 弘曉 (1722–1778)
明善堂覽書畫印記

He Guanwu 何冠五 (active 1st half of 20th c.)
冠五珍藏
田溪書屋

Gu Luofu 顧洛阜 (John M. Crawford, Jr., 1913–1988)
顧洛阜
漢光閣
漢光閣主顧洛阜鑑藏中國古代書畫之章

Unidentified
春雷閣藏
東平
槙庭清玩
索孝彥師聖印

Illegible: 1
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