Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae: Eight Women Sacrificing to Priapus

Series/Portfolio:
Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae
Artist:
Attributed to Cornelis Bos (Netherlandish, Hertogenbosch ca. 1510?–before 1566 Groningen)
Artist:
After Lambert Lombard (Netherlandish, Liège 1506–1566 Liège)
Date:
16th century
Medium:
Engraving
Dimensions:
sheet: 9 5/8 x 12 5/8 in. (24.5 x 32.1 cm) plate: 6 7/8 x 9 5/16 in. (17.5 x 23.7 cm)
Classification:
Prints
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, Transferred from the Library, 1941
Accession Number:
41.72(2.125)
Not on view
This print comes from the museum’s copy of the Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae (The Mirror of Roman Magnificence) The Speculum found its origin in the publishing endeavors of Antonio Salamanca and Antonio Lafreri. During their Roman publishing careers, the two foreign publishers - who worked together between 1553 and 1563 - initiated the production of prints recording art works, architecture and city views related to Antique and Modern Rome. The prints could be bought individually by tourists and collectors, but were also purchased in larger groups which were often bound together in an album. In 1573, Lafreri commissioned a title page for this purpose, which is where the title ‘Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae’ first appears. Lafreri envisioned an ideal arrangement of the prints in 7 different categories, but during his lifetime, never appears to have offered one standard, bound set of prints. Instead, clients composed their own selection from the corpus to be bound, or collected a group of prints over time. When Lafreri died, two-third of the existing copper plates went to the Duchetti family (Claudio and Stefano), while another third was distributed among several publishers. The Duchetti appear to have standardized production, offering a more or less uniform version of the Speculum to their clients. The popularity of the prints also inspired other publishers in Rome to make copies however, and to add new prints to the corpus.

The museum’s copy of the Speculum entered the collection as a group of 3 albums with inlaid engravings and etchings. The prints have since been removed, but the original place of each print within the album is contained in the accession number: 41.72(volume.place).

Originally volume 2, plate 125 in the scrapbook.
Inscription: At top center: PHALLAGOGIA PRIAPI
At lower left: Ceditur et rigido custodi ruris Asellis / Causa pudenda guide, sed tame apta deo
At lower right: Du vivis sperare decet, tu vistice Cistos / Huc ades et Nervis Tente priape fave

Marking: On verso at center: The Metropolitan Museum of Art stamp
H. P. Kraus
Schele MS 43.43; Hollstein III.127.112; Le Blancc 18.48; cf. Similar subject Hollstein IX.28.45; Hollstein XI.94.51
Peter Parshall "Antonio' Lafreri's 'Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae'" Print Quarterly. 1, London, 2006.



Related Objects

Panel of ornament: Sacrifice to a sylvan god; 20 pls with designs for swords, triumphal wagons, trophies

Artist: Cornelis Bos (Netherlandish, Hertogenbosch ca. 1510?–before 1566 Groningen) Date: ca. 1550 Medium: Etching Accession: 49.95.344,358-373 On view in:Not on view

[Grotesque ornaments: 3 pls. from set of triumphal cars]

Artist: Cornelis Bos (Netherlandish, Hertogenbosch ca. 1510?–before 1566 Groningen) Date: 16th century Medium: Etching Accession: 31.76.7 On view in:Not on view

Ornamental designs: dagger sheaths, triumphal wagons, plate-rim

Artist: Cornelis Bos (Netherlandish, Hertogenbosch ca. 1510?–before 1566 Groningen) Date: n.d. Medium: Etchings Accession: 53.600.3,4,5,9 On view in:Not on view

Allegory of the Sea within a strapwork border

Artist: Cornelis Bos (Netherlandish, Hertogenbosch ca. 1510?–before 1566 Groningen) Date: 16th century Medium: Books Accession: 48.32.2 On view in:Not on view

Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae: Marcus Aurelius

Artist: Attributed to Cornelis Bos (Netherlandish, Hertogenbosch ca. 1510?–before 1566 Groningen) Date: 16th century Medium: Engraving Accession: 41.72(2.106) On view in:Not on view