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南宋/元 佚名 六馬圖 卷
Six Horses

Artist:
Unidentified Artists Chinese, 13th c. (1st half scroll); 14th c. (2nd half)
Date:
13th–14th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 18 3/16 x 66 1/4 in. (46.2 x 168.3 cm) Overall with mounting: 18 9/16 x 254 3/4 in. (47.1 x 647.1 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number:
1989.363.5
Not on view
The disparities in paper, pigment, and style between the two halves of this painting make it clear that they are by different hands and from different periods. In the first half of the painting, the horses and figures are well drawn and there is a rough vigor in the depiction of the landscape and trees. The shading of the land forms and the bold modulated outlines defining the figures, who wear typical Khitan costumes, most closely resemble murals done in the eleventh and twelfth centuries in north China, then ruled by the Khitan Liao dynasty (907–1125). In the second half, the unmodulated, "iron-wire" lines used to describe the drapery folds of the rider, the heavy outline of the rock, and the dry calligraphic texture of the tree suggest a fourteenth-century date.
Inscription: Artists’ signature

Qianli
千里 [Zhao Boju, active 1120–1160] (spurious)


Artist's seal
Zhao shi Boju 趙氏伯駒 (spurious)


Other inscriptions on the painting

1. Qing emperor Qianlong 清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–1795), 15 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1761:

平川苜蓿豐且滋,清泉映帶沙岡披。
戎人習馬知馬性,此處調馬實所宜。
牽者樴者二皆駵,白駒黑鬣緤柳枝。
昂藏翹足驪其色,一戎跨背鞍不施。
紫騮迴首嘶厥匹,有駓齕草意自怡。
驥不稱力稱其德,況復一一皆英奇。
作者寓意應有在,夏官遺法誰深知。
即今大宛致汗血,骨格皆合圖中姿。
亦不渥洼詡作瑞,亦不交河資興師。
迴立閶闔跌蕩蕩,欲起王孫走筆為。

辛巳首夏御題。

2. Qing emperor Qianlong 清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–1795), 8 columns in semi-cursive script, datable to 1761; 4 seals:

此卷題為趙千里作,諦視款識二字,筆法苶弱,與伯駒他本不類,圖意亦似未盡者,疑卷幅尚長,人取後幅有款者,裂而為二,復贗加此款耳。然六馬雄姿俊骨,奕奕有神,信非伯駒不辦,款雖失真,未害其為完璞也,同日再識。 [印]:乾隆宸翰、幾暇怡情、得佳趣、德充符


Label strip

Unidentified artist, 1 column in standard script, undated:

趙伯駒《六馬圖》


Colophons

Zhang Daqian 張大千 (1899–1983), 4 columns in semi-cursive script, undated; 2 seals:

此唐人筆也,敦煌諸壁畫可證。世傳唐畫喧赫者無如韓幹《照夜白》及《雙驥圖》,一有李後主題,一有道君題,皆不及此卷意態之雄且傑,迺清高宗既知千里款印似偽,而猶以為千里,何耶?蜀郡張大千爰。 [印]:張爰、大千居士


Collectors' seals

Wang Mian 王冕 (ca. 1335–1407)
王氏元章

Yang Yiqing 楊一清 (1454–1530)
調元贊化
邃翁在丁卯莊記

Qing emperor Qianlong 清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–1795)
筆花春雨
五福五代堂古稀天子寶
八徵耄念之寶
太上皇帝之寶
落紙雲烟
樂壽堂鑑藏寶
石渠寶笈
石渠定鑑
寶笈重編
乾隆御覽之寶
古希天子

寧壽宮續入石渠寶笈
乾隆鑑賞
三希堂精鑒璽
宜子孫

Qing emperor Jiaqing 清帝嘉慶 (r. 1796–1820)
嘉慶御覽之寶

Qing emperor Xuantong 清帝宣統 (r. 1909–1911)
宣統鑑賞
無逸齋精鑑璽
宣統御覽之寶
宣統

Zhang Daqian 張大千 (1899–1983)
大千之寶
張氏寶藏
大風堂珍玩
別時容易
球圖寶骨肉情
敵國之富
南北東西只有相隨無別離
東西南北之人
大風堂

Xu Wenbo 徐雯波 (1927? –?)
徐嬪
鴻嬪堂記

Gu Luofu 顧洛阜 (John M. Crawford, Jr., 1913–1988)
顧洛阜
漢光閣
漢光閣主顧洛阜鑑藏中國古代書畫之章

Illegible: 2
鄭氏囗囗
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