Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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元 佚名 對月圖 軸
Monk Reading a Sutra by Moonlight

Artist:
Unidentified Artist
Period:
Yuan dynasty (1271–1368)
Date:
ca. 1332
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 29 3/8 x 13 in. (74.6 x 33 cm) Overall with mounting: 59 x 13 5/8 in. (149.9 x 34.6 cm) Overall with knobs: 59 x 15 1/2 in. (149.9 x 39.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Edward Elliott Family Collection, Purchase, The Dillon Fund Gift, 1982
Accession Number:
1982.3.2
Not on view
Paintings of monks reading sutras by moonlight reflect the Chan, or Zen, emphasis on remaining forever mindful, even during daily activities, in order to achieve enlightenment. Here, an elderly cleric with scraggly hair and a sparse beard sits in a remote landscape, reading a sutra. He holds the text in his left hand and twirls one of his long eyebrows with his right. The delicate rendering of the face is complemented by the thick, dark brushstrokes in his clothing. The poem, composed and written by the monk Yuxi Simin (active 14th century), reads:

Just this one fascicle of sutra,
The words are often difficult to make out.
When the sun comes up, the moon also sets,
When will I finish reading it?
Inscription: Artist's seal (spurious)

Muxi 牧谿

Inscription

Yuxi Simin 玉谿思珉 (d. 1337), 5 columns in semi-cursive script, undated; 1 seal:

In this one volume of sutra,
The words have no clear meaning.
The sun rises, the moon sets,
When will I finish reading it? [1]
Inscribed by Simin of the Baofu [Temple]. [Seal]: Yuxi

只這一卷經,字字無分曉。
日出月又落,幾時看得了。
保福思珉讚。 [印]:玉谿

[1] Trans. from Wen C. Fong, Beyond Representation: Chinese Painting and Calligraphy 8th–14th Century. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992, p. 361.
[ Ellen B. Elliott , Princeton, NJ, 1981; sold to MMA]
Lawrence. Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas. "Latter Days of the Law: Images of Chinese Buddhism, 850–1850," August 28, 1994–October 9, 1994.

Asian Art Museum of San Francisco. "Latter Days of the Law: Images of Chinese Buddhism, 850–1850," November 16, 1994–January 11, 1995.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Traditional Scholarly Values at the End of the Qing Dynasty: The Collection of Weng Tonghe (1830–1904)," June 30, 1998–January 3, 1999.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Text and Image: The Interaction of Painting, Poetry, and Calligraphy," January 23, 1999–August 16, 1999.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Millennium of Chinese Painting: Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," September 8, 2001–January 13, 2002.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Douglas Dillon Legacy: Chinese Painting for the Metropolitan Museum," March 12, 2004–August 8, 2004.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Secular and Sacred: Scholars, Deities, and Immortals in Chinese Art," September 10, 2005–January 8, 2006.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Brush and Ink: The Chinese Art of Writing," September 2, 2006–January 21, 2007.

New York. Japan Society Gallery. "Awakenings: Zen Figure Painting in Medieval Japan," March 28, 2007–June 14, 2007.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The World of Khubilai Khan: Chinese Art in the Yuan Dynasty," September 28, 2010–January 2, 2011.

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