During the sixteenth century there was a general decline in the quality of official wares in all media, including cloisonné. Attention centered on productivity and efficiency, a change from the fifteenth century, when the primary aim was to make the finest objects regardless of cost. The duller palette and imprecise enameling and gilding show the effects of the commercially oriented production of the time.
Marking: Da Ming Qingtai.
Edward Guthrie Kennedy , New York, 1929; donated to MMA
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Anatomy of a Masterpiece: How to Read Chinese Paintings," March 1, 2008–August 10, 2008.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Red and Black: Chinese Lacquer, 13th–16th Century," September 7, 2011–June 10, 2012.