Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Martyrdom of Saint Andrew

Otto van Veen (Netherlandish, Leiden 1556–1629 Brussels)
ca. 1595
Oil (brunaille) on paper; framing line in pen and brown ink, probably by a later hand
Sheet: 11 1/4 x 7 5/8 in. (28.6 x 19.3 cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Harry G. Sperling Fund and Guy Wildenstein Gift, 2012
Accession Number:
Not on view
This oil sketch on paper is the earliest surviving preparatory work for Otto van Veen's painting for the high altar of Antwerp's church of Saint Andrew, still in situ. Depicted is the crucifixion of the apostle Andrew, ordered by proconsul Aegeus, on horseback at right. Seated at left is his wife Maximilla, who had previously been healed by Andrew and would bury him after he expired on the characteristic X-shaped cross. Van Veen's altarpiece, which also includes three predella paintings, was commissioned in 1593 and completed in 1599. It counts among the first important commissions for a new altarpiece in Antwerp after Iconoclasm, and had an enduring influence on later Flemish artists, including Van Veen's most brilliant pupil, Peter Paul Rubens.
Inscription: On the old mount, at lower left, inscribed "OCTAVIO.VAN.VEEN" in pen and brown ink (20th-century handwriting).
probably Petrus Franciscus van Schorel (1716–1778, Antwerp), and his sale,Antwerp, June 7, 1774 and following days, drawings, lot 145 (sold to Van Schorel); sale, Sotheby's, London, June 22-23, 1954, part of lot 795; Christie's, London, February 18, 1955, lot 7; acquired at the sale by Leonard Koetser; given to him after the sale to Ludwig Burchard (1886–1960, Berlin and London); given by him in 1957 to Frans Baudouin (1920–2005, Antwerp); his widow, Paula Baudouin-Smolders (Antwerp); Vendor: Lowet de Wotrenge Fine Art, Antwerp
Justus Müller-Hofstede "Zum Werke des Otto van Veen, 1590-1600." Bulletin: Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts: Koninklijke Musea voor Schone Kunsten. vol. 6, Brussels, 1957, fig. no. 9, 142, 144, ill.

Justus Müller-Hofstede "Zur Antwerpener Frühzeit von Peter Paul Rubens." Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst. vol. 13, Munich, 1962, fig. no. 20, 198.

Justus Müller-Hofstede Beiträge zur Geschichte der Ölskizze vom 16. bis zum 18. Jahrhundert Zur Grisaille-Skizze in der Flämischen Malerei des XVII. und XVI. Jahrhunderts: Ein Symposium aus Anlass der Ausstellung "Malerei aus Erster Hand - Ölskizzen von Tintoretto bis Goya" im Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum Braunschweig vom 28. - 30.3.1984. Braunschweig, 1984, fig. no. 6, p. 51.

Jacques Foucart Rubens and his World: Bijdragen - études - studies - Beiträge Quelques inédits d'Otho Vaenius. Antwerp, 1985, p. 105–106.

Rudi Mannaerts "Rubens toch aanwezig in de Sint-Andrieskerk ? "De Kruisoprichting van Sint-Andries" (1594-1599) voorbeeld voor Rubens' "Kruisoprichting van Christus" in de Kathedraal (1610 e.v.)." Sint-Andries 2000. Antwerp, 2007, 2.

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