明/清 陳洪綬 準提佛母法像圖 軸 Bodhisattva Guanyin in the Form of the Buddha Mother
Chen Hongshou (Chinese, 1599–1652)
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
Image: 49 1/4 x 19 1/16 in. (125.1 x 48.4 cm)
Overall with mounting: 96 3/4 x 24 9/16 in. (245.7 x 62.4 cm)
Overall with knobs: 96 3/4 x 28 1/2 in. (245.7 x 72.4 cm)
Purchase, Friends of Asian Art Gifts, 1992
Not on view
In Esoteric Buddhism, the Buddha is understood as having been born of the Law, which is regarded, therefore, as the Buddha Mother. This image depicts the Esoteric manifestation of Guanyin (Avalokiteshvara, in Sanskrit) as the Buddha Mother, a deity with multiple arms and a third "all-seeing" eye. In Chen Hongshou's interpretation, however, the Buddha Mother does not appear as a formidable incarnation of scripture but as a winsome young woman. Her unruly hairdo and the unconventional gesture of clutching strands of hair in her mouth may derive from heroines of contemporary popular theater rather than Buddhist iconography.
This large-scale example of Chen Hongshou's early figure style is a rare complement to the small-scale figures in his early album paintings and woodblock prints. At this enlarged scale, Chen Hongshou's technique and idiosyncratic stylistic sources become readily apparent. His relaxed and fluid drapery lines do not follow the disciplined brush mannerisms of literati models but instead are derived from popular paintings and woodblock prints.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (3 columns in standard script)
明 陳洪綬 準提佛母法像圖 軸Artist’s inscription and signature (3 columns in standard script)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Traditional Scholarly Values at the End of the Qing Dynasty: The Collection of Weng Tonghe (1830–1904)," June 30, 1998–January 3, 1999.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Painting, Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," August 28, 2004–February 20, 2005.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Secular and Sacred: Scholars, Deities, and Immortals in Chinese Art," September 10, 2005–January 8, 2006.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of the Ming Dynasty: China's Age of Brilliance," January 23, 2009–September 13, 2009.
Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago. "Performing Images: Opera in Chinese Visual Culture," February 13, 2014–June 15, 2014.
Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, University of California at Berkeley. "Repentant Monk: Illusion and Disillusion in the Art of Chen Hongshou (1599–652)," October 25, 2017–January 28, 2018.
Artist: Chen Hongshou (Chinese, 1599–1652)Date: first half of the 17th centuryMedium: Twelve folding fans mounted as album leaves; ink and color on gold paperAccession: 1989.364a–lOn view in:Not on view