Art/ Collection/ Art Object

近代 黃賓虹 山水圖 軸
Ten Thousand Valleys in Deep Shade

Artist:
Huang Binhong (Chinese, 1865–1955)
Date:
dated 1933
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
67 1/2 × 18 1/8 in. (171.5 × 46 cm) Other (with mounting): 92 3/4 × 23 1/8 in. (235.6 × 58.7 cm) Other (with mounting and rollers): 26 in. (66 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert Hatfield Ellsworth, in memory of La Ferne Hatfield Ellsworth, 1986
Accession Number:
1986.267.200
Not on view
Huang Binhong was born into a family of scholars and artists in Shexian, Anhui Province. He expressed his anti-Qing sentiments in literati fashion by organizing a local club to honor a seventeenth-century scholar who had defied the corrupt government of his time. When a warrant was issued for his arrest, Huang fled to Shanghai, where he worked as an editor of art books and magazines and gained exposure to the private collections scattered throughout the area. In the 1930s he helped examine the palace collection in Beijing in order to prepare it for dispersal prior to the impending Japanese invasion.

This painting, inspired by the brush idiom of the tenth-century monumental landscapist Juran, was executed while Huang was traveling in Sichuan. The dense shade of the trees and flowers covers the many mountains.The shadow of these [mountains, coiled like] dark green snails, oozes into the stream.A few forsaken leaves are turning red and yellow.It is easy for autumn to come to Baidi City because of its altitude.

(Robert H. Ellsworth et al., trans., Later Chinese Painting and Calligraphy, 1800-1950, 3 vols. [New York: Random House, 1987], vol. 1, p. 150)
Signature: Huang Binhong
Dated 1933

Artist's inscription; poem, four lines, seven-character meter:
The dense shade of the trees and flowers covers
the many mountains.
The shadow of these [mountains coiled like] dark green snails
oozes into the stream.
A few forsaken leaves are turning red and yellow.
It is easy for autumn to come to Baidi City because of its altitude.

Poem while traveling in Sizhuan
Dedicated to Queiwan

Artist's seals: Huang Binhong (square, white characters)
Binhong (square, white characters)

Marking: Collectors' seals: Robert Hatfield Ellsworth (two)
Robert Hatfield Ellsworth , New York, until 1986; donated to MMA
Williamstown. Williams College Museum of Art. "Innovation Within Tradition: The Paintings of Huang Binhong," October 21, 1989–December 17, 1989.

Taipei Fine Arts Museum. "Innovation Within Tradition: The Paintings of Huang Binhong," January 20, 1990–May 15, 1990.

Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "From Traditionalism to Expressionism," October 15, 1991–December 15, 1991.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Text and Image: The Interaction of Painting, Poetry, and Calligraphy," January 23, 1999–August 16, 1999.

New York. China Institute in America. "The Chinese Painter as Poet," September 14, 2000–December 10, 2000.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Between Two Cultures: A Selection of Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Chinese Paintings from the Robert H. Ellsworth Collection," January 30, 2001–August 19, 2001.

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