As one of the personified or embodied stars, Shouxing is associated with the South Pole in Chinese astronomy and is believed to control human life span. Longevity, good fortune, and prosperity are considered the three attributes of a good life in traditional Chinese culture.
Rosina H. Hoppin , New York, until d. 1965; bequeathed to MMA ; Alfred W. Hoyt , New York, until d. 1911
The Oriental Ceramic Society of London and The British Museum. "Chinese Ivories," May 23, 1984–August 19, 1984.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Extravagant Display: Chinese Art in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries," December 14, 2010–May 1, 2011.