Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Three Arhats (Luohans)

Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
16th–17th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Wood (willow) with traces of pigment and gilding, single-woodblock construction
Dimensions:
H. 22 1/4 in. (56.5 cm); W. 22 in. (55.9 cm); D. 7 in. (17.8 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture
Credit Line:
Purchase, Gifts from various donors, in honor of Douglas Dillon, 1995
Accession Number:
1995.417
Not on view
With the spread of Chan (Zen) Buddhism in China in the tenth century, louhans, enlightened Buddhist sages, were often represented as monks performing spiritual exercises. Sitting on roughly hewn rocks, these three louhans are engaged in study and meditation. Their robes were originally colored and gilded on a gesso ground. Carved from one piece of wood, the three figures were probably part of a larger assemblage.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Douglas Dillon Legacy: Chinese Painting for the Metropolitan Museum," March 12, 2004–August 8, 2004.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Art of the Brush: Chinese Painting and Calligraphy," March 12, 2005–August 14, 2005.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Secular and Sacred: Scholars, Deities, and Immortals in Chinese Art," September 10, 2005–January 8, 2006.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Brush and Ink: The Chinese Art of Writing," September 2, 2006–January 21, 2007.

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