Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Eight Views of Xiao and Xiang

Period:
Muromachi period (1392–1573)
Date:
16th century
Culture:
Japan
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
60 7/8 x 23 1/4 in. (154.6 x 59.1 cm) Entire scroll: 93 3/4 x 29 3/8 in. (238.1 x 74.6 cm) Width w/ rollers: 31 3/4 in. (80.6 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Purchase, Harris Brisbane Dick Fund; Mary Livingston Griggs and Mary Griggs Burke Foundation Gifts; Gifts of Major General R. B. Woodruff, C. M. Owen, Elizabeth B. Gerhard, and Mr. and Mrs. Teiji Ito; Bequests of Stephen Whitney Phoenix and Bruce Webster, Fletcher Fund, and The Howard Mansfield Collection, Gift of Howard Mansfield, by exchange; and funds from various donors, 1985
Accession Number:
1985.239.3
Not on view
The theme of the Eight Views of the Xiao and Xiang Rivers celebrates man's emotional response to nature's changing moods. First developed in Chinese poetry and painting during the eleventh century, it was introduced to Japan in the fourteenth century and became a major theme in Japanese ink painting.

In this triptych, the central image, with its bustling activity and clear light, represents Mountain Market in Clearing Mist; to the left, a blustery atmosphere pervades Sails Returning from a Distant Shore and Night Rain on the Xiao and Xiang Rivers; at the right, in the scene Evening Glow on the Fishing Village, the glow of sunset infuses a serene river landscape, where fishermen leave nets to dry by the shore at day's end.

These paintings may originally have been part of a complete series of the Eight Views painted on folding screens. Remounted as hanging scrolls, the triptych would have decorated the tokonoma alcove of a formal shoin-style room, reflecting the full assimilation of Chinese Song and Yuan landscape painting in Japan.
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