Both the Eastern Wei (535–50) and the Northern Qi dynasties were ruled from a capital at Ye (presentday Linzhang) in southern Hebei province; both sponsored the construction of new cave temples. The complex built at Xiangtangshan (not far from the capital) dates from the Northern Qi period. It consists of two sites: the three enormous cave temples at the top of the mountain are known as Northern Xiangtangshan, while an additional seven smaller shrines, about nine miles to the south, are known as Southern Xiangtangshan. This head comes from the southern site, which was constructed slightly later.
Hebei Province (Southern Xiangtangshan)
[ Stephan Bourgeois, New York , 1914; sold to MMA]
National Museum of History, Taipei. "Zhongguo gu dai shi diao yi shu) 中國古代石雕藝術," February 13, 1983–September 30, 1983.
Gaoxiang. Zhongzheng Culture Center. "Zhongguo gu dai shi diao yi shu) 中國古代石雕藝術," May 25, 1983–July 25, 1983.
Tainan Culture Center. "Zhongguo gu dai shi diao yi shu) 中國古代石雕藝術," August 10, 1983–September 30, 1983.
New York. St. John's University. "Chinese Buddhist Sculpture from the Wei through the Tang Dynasties," November 1, 1983–December 30, 1983.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Sackler Galleries Reinstallation," October 14, 1998–March 19, 2010.