This early picture by Cuyp dates from about 1643–44. The figures resemble those painted by the artist's father, Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp, but the canvas is not one of their collaborative efforts. Many Dutch artists painted idyllic views of the Dutch countryside, but this one is distinguished by its charming naïveté: the pipers play, the animals assemble, and the dog seems to know it is time to go home.
Inscription: Signed (lower right): A cuÿp. F.
William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough, London and Parkstead House, Roehampton, Surrey (until d. 1793); Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough (1793–d. 1844; his sale, Christie's, London, February 5–7, 1801, no. 60, as "A Landscape and Cattle, a View from Nature, in Holland," by A. Cuyp, for £409.10, bought in; his anonymous sale, Christie's, London, April 7, 1801, no. 60, for £189, bought in; inv., 1826); John William Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough (1844–d. 1847); John George Brabazon Ponsonby, 5th Earl of Bessborough (1847–d. 1880; his sale, April 1, 1848, no. 87, for 340 gns., bought in); Frederick George Brabazon Ponsonby, 6th Earl of Bessborough (1880–92; sale, March 14, 1891, no. 148, as "A Sunny River Scene," for 200 gns., bought in; sale, June, 1892, no. 66, for 200 gns. to Colnaghi); [Martin Colnaghi, London, from 1892]; [Sedelmeyer, Paris, in 1894; cat., 1894, no. 5]; Collis P. Huntington, New York (until d. 1900; life interest to his widow, Arabella D. Huntington, later [from 1913] Mrs. Henry E. Huntington, 1900–d. 1924; life interest to their son, Archer Milton Huntington, 1924–terminated in 1925)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Hudson-Fulton Celebration," September–November 1909, no. 7 (lent by Mrs. Collis P. Huntington, New York).
New York. Hunter College. "Dutch Celebration," April 27–May 11, 1953, no catalogue?
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 18, 2007–January 6, 2008, no catalogue.
Inventory of the collection of the Earl of Bessborough. May 1826 [see Ref. Chong 1992], records it in the drawing room of the earl's Roehampton house.
John Smith. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters. Vol. 5, London, 1834, p. 306, no. 76, as "A Landscape, and cattle, &c."; records it as in the Bessborough collection in 1801.
Illustrated Catalogue of 100 Paintings of Old Masters . . . belonging to the Sedelmeyer Gallery. Paris, 1894, pp. 8–9, no. 5, ill., as "Pastoral Scene".
Cornelis Hofstede de Groot. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century. Ed. Edward G. Hawke. Vol. 2, London, 1909, p. 78, no. 238a, p. 102, no. 331.
Wilhelm R. Valentiner. The Hudson-Fulton Celebration: Catalogue of an Exhibition Held in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1909, vol. 1, pp. xxxiv, 8, no. 7, ill. opp. p. 8, calls it an early work and dates it about 1640–50.
Joseph Breck. "L'art hollandais à l'exposition Hudson-Fulton à New York." L'art flamand & hollandais 13, no. 2 (1910), p. 61 [published in Dutch in Onze Kunst 17 (February 1910), p. 47].
Bryson Burroughs. "The Collis P. Huntington Collection Comes to the Museum." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 20 (June 1925), p. 142, ill. p. 146.
H[arry]. B. Wehle. "Notes on Paintings in the Huntington Collection." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 20 (July 1925), p. 180.
Jerrold Holmes. "The Cuyps in America." Art in America 18 (June 1930), p. 182, no. 7.
A. J. Barnouw. Dutch Paintings: A Picture Book. New York, 1944, pl. 23, dates it about 1640–45.
Stephen Reiss. Letter to Elizabeth Gardner. May 4, 1952, judging from a photograph, attributes it to Cuyp's father, Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp.
Stephen Reiss. Aelbert Cuyp. Boston, 1975, pp. 9, 86–87, 96, 207, no. 51, ill., attributes it to the Cuyp studio and dates it 1640–45; finds features in the painting characteristic of the work of Aelbert's father, Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp; notes that the background landscape in this work and in two other landscapes (R52, private collection, The Netherlands; R61, John G. Johnson Collection, Philadelphia Museum of Art) is based on a drawing in the Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
J. G. van Gelder inAelbert Cuyp en zijn familie, "schilders te Dordrecht": Gerrit Gerritsz. Cuyp, Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp, Benjamin Gerritsz. Cuyp, Aelbert Cuyp. Exh. cat., Dordrechts Museum. Dordrecht, 1977, p. 128 n. 1, under no. 48, repeats [see Ref. Reiss 1975] that the background landscape at left is based on a drawing by Aelbert Cuyp of about 1641–43 in the Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
Yonna Yapou. "A Picture from Aelbert Cuyp's Transitional Phase." Burlington Magazine 123 (March 1981), pp. 160, 163 n. 15.
Peter C. Sutton. A Guide to Dutch Art in America. Grand Rapids, Mich., 1986, p. 191, remarks that it "is sometimes thought to be a collaboration between Albert and his father, Jacob Gerritsz.".
Frederik J. Duparc. Landscape in Perspective: Drawings by Rembrandt and His Contemporaries. Exh. cat., Arthur M. Sackler Museum. Cambridge, Mass., 1988, p. 88, fig. 1, under no. 21.
Walter Liedtke. "Dutch Paintings in America: The Collectors and Their Ideals." Great Dutch Paintings from America. Exh. cat., Mauritshuis, The Hague. Zwolle, The Netherlands, 1990, p. 37.
Alan Chong. "Aelbert Cuyp and the Meanings of Landscape." PhD diss., New York University, 1992, pp. 65, 179, 256, 297–98, no. 46.
Walter Liedtke. Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 137–40, 152, no. 31, colorpl. 31; vol. 2, p. 857 n. 16, dates it about 1643–44.
The background landscape at left is based on a drawing by Aelbert Cuyp of about 1641–43 (Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam; inv. no. A3393).
A variant of the composition was sold at Christie's, New York, April 4, 1990, no. 203, as Circle of Aelbert Cuyp.
Artist: Aelbert Cuyp (Dutch, Dordrecht 1620–1691 Dordrecht)Date: ca. 1640–42Medium: Black chalk and gray wash and graphite, watercolored in green and ochre yellow, partly brushed with gum arabic; framing lines in black inkAccession: 2005.330.4On view in:Not on view