Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Homeward Bound: "The Great Eastern"

Artist:
Robert Charles Dudley (British, 1826–1900)
Date:
ca. 1866
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
44 3/4 x 67 1/4 in. (113.7 x 170.8 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Cyrus W. Field, 1892
Accession Number:
92.10.42
Not on view
Cyrus W. Field, New York (until 1892)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Cyrus W. Field Collection of Paintings," 1894, no. 41.

Cyrus W. Field. Letter to the Trustees of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. May 5, 1892, offers his collection of objects commemorating the laying of the Atlantic cable, including this painting, to the MMA.

Henry M[artyn]. Field. The Story of the Atlantic Telegraph. New York, 1892, ill. opp. p. 371, as "Mr. Field Leaving the Great Eastern".

Daniel Huntington. Letter to General Luigi Palma di Cesnola. May 3, 1892, strongly recommends the accession of this series (92.10.42-47), noting that it represents "one of the important events of our times".

Josephine C. Dobkin. "The Laying of the Atlantic Cable: Paintings, Watercolors, and Commemorative Objects Given to the Metropolitan Museum by Cyrus W. Field." Metropolitan Museum Journal 41 (2006), pp. 155, 157, 159, 167, Appendix no. 6, notes that this is the sixth and final painting in the series, showing the ships embarking on their journey home.



This series of six paintings (92.10.42–47) illustrates the laying of the first trans-Atlantic telegraph cable. After unsuccessful attempts in 1857, 1858, and 1865, the cable was finally laid and brought into use in 1866. Cyrus W. Field, the donor of the works, was a founder of the Atlantic Telegraph Company and instrumental in the laying of the cable.

The six pictures illustrate the sequence of events as follows [see Ref. Dobkin 2006]:

1) Landing the Shore End of the Atlantic Cable (92.10.44)

2) Making the Splice between the Shore End and the Ocean Cable (92.10.47)

3) Landing at Newfoundland (92.10.46)

4) Grappling for the Lost Cable (92.10.45)

5) Awaiting the Reply (92.10.43)

6) Homeward Bound: 'The Great Eastern' (92.10.42)

Five of the six (92.10.42-46) were illustrated in "The Story of the Atlantic Telegraph" by Henry M. Field [see Ref. Field 1892] without attribution to Dudley. Dudley also executed a series of watercolors (MMA 92.10.48–91) depicting each of the attempts to lay the cable, from 1857 to 1866, which are unrelated to the compositions of the paintings. Some of these watercolors were used as illustrations in William H. Russell's book "The Atlantic Telegraph" (1866; MMA 92.10.100). Field also donated several related commemorative objects, documents, and medals (MMA 92.10.1–40, 92.10.92–99).
Related Objects

Deck of Great Eastern, Aft: the Paying-out Machinery

Artist: Robert Charles Dudley (British, 1826–1900) Date: 1866 Medium: Watercolor over graphite with touches of gouache Accession: 92.10.75 On view in:Not on view

The Picking-up Machinery in the Bows of the Great Eastern

Artist: Robert Charles Dudley (British, 1826–1900) Date: 1865–66 Medium: Watercolor with touches of gouache Accession: 92.10.83 On view in:Not on view

September 8th at Heart's Content, the day of the successful termination of the work of laying, recovering, completing and testing the Atlantic Telegraph Cables of 1865 and 1866

Artist: Robert Charles Dudley (British, 1826–1900) Date: 1866 Medium: Watercolor over graphite with touches of gouache Accession: 92.10.87 On view in:Not on view

The Settlement and Church of Heart's Content, Newfoundland

Artist: Robert Charles Dudley (British, 1826–1900) Date: 1866 Medium: Watercolor over graphite with touches of gouache Accession: 92.10.80 On view in:Not on view

The Albany Buoying a Bight of the Cable of 1865 on the Night of August 26th, 1866

Artist: Robert Charles Dudley (British, 1826–1900) Date: 1866 Medium: Watercolor with touches of gouache Accession: 92.10.81 On view in:Not on view